Obesity as a heterogeneous phenomenon: eating practices of mothers living in distinct social vulnerable contexts in the city of santos

Obesity as a heterogeneous phenomenon: eating practices of mothers living in distinct social vulnerable contexts in the city of santos

Author Sato, Priscila de Morais Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Advisor Scagliusi, Fernanda Baeza Scagliusi Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Institution Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Graduate program Interdisciplinar em Ciências da Saúde
Abstract The present study aimed to investigate eating practices of socially vulnerable overweight and obese mothers, exploring the relationships between eating practices, habitus, money constraints, body, and gender. It presented a qualitative design, with in-depth interviews to 21 women living in three different vulnerable urban settings ? ?palafitas?, ?cortiços? and ?morro? ? in Santos, Brazil, as the main data source and participant observation and life story narrative as complementary methods. Three scientific articles and one book chapter present the results and discussion of each investigated theme as well as the data analysis that led to the respective results. Inductive and deductive content analyzes were performed. Five groups of eating practices were observed; socioeconomic conditions during childhood and liking to cook were the main characteristics related to the differences among them. Strategies to feed the families with limited financial resources included price research, credit to buy foods, optimizing the food available, not wasting, and making substitutions. The participants were the main responsible for feeding the family, highlighting the influence of a gendered habitus in their eating practices. Gender roles also affected the participants? body image; however, many of them valued concrete, functional aspects of the body, rather than an aesthetic image. So far, this study?s findings underscore the necessity for culturally appropriate interventions focusing on overweight and obese, low-income, female populations.

The present study aimed to investigate eating practices of socially vulnerable overweight and obese mothers, exploring the relationships between eating practices, habitus, money constraints, body, and gender. It presented a qualitative design, with in-depth interviews to 21 women living in three different vulnerable urban settings ? ?palafitas?, ?cortiços? and ?morro? ? in Santos, Brazil, as the main data source and participant observation and life story narrative as complementary methods. Three scientific articles and one book chapter present the results and discussion of each investigated theme as well as the data analysis that led to the respective results. Inductive and deductive content analyzes were performed. Five groups of eating practices were observed; socioeconomic conditions during childhood and liking to cook were the main characteristics related to the differences among them. Strategies to feed the families with limited financial resources included price research, credit to buy foods, optimizing the food available, not wasting, and making substitutions. The participants were the main responsible for feeding the family, highlighting the influence of a gendered habitus in their eating practices. Gender roles also affected the participants? body image; however, many of them valued concrete, functional aspects of the body, rather than an aesthetic image. So far, this study?s findings underscore the necessity for culturally appropriate interventions focusing on overweight and obese, low-income, female populations.
Keywords obesity
eating practices
bourdieu
low-income
mothers
body image
obesity
eating practices
bourdieu
low-income
mothers
body image
Language Portuguese
Date 2016-09-23
Published in SATO, Priscila de Morais. Obesity as a heterogeneous phenomenon: eating practices of mothers living in distinct social vulnerable contexts in the city of santos. 2016. 188 f. Tese (Doutorado) - Instituto de Saúde e Sociedade, Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP), Santos, 2016.
Research area Interdisciplinar
Knowledge area Multidisciplinar
Publisher Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Extent 188 p.
Origin https://sucupira.capes.gov.br/sucupira/public/consultas/coleta/trabalhoConclusao/viewTrabalhoConclusao.jsf?popup=true&id_trabalho=4624271
Access rights Closed access
Type Thesis
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/47432

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