Nutrition and Physical Activity in Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease

Nutrition and Physical Activity in Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease

Author Oliveira, Claudia P. Google Scholar
Sanches, Priscila de Lima Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
de Abreu-Silva, Erlon Oliveira Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Marcadenti, Aline Google Scholar
Abstract Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common liver disease worldwide and it is associated with other medical conditions such as diabetes mellitus, metabolic syndrome, and obesity. The mechanisms of the underlying disease development and progression are not completely established and there is no consensus concerning the pharmacological treatment. In the gold standard treatment for NAFLD weight loss, dietary therapy, and physical activity are included. However, little scientific evidence is available on diet and/or physical activity and NAFLD specifically. Many dietary approaches such asMediterranean and DASH diet are used for treatment of other cardiometabolic risk factors such as insulin resistance and type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), but on the basis of its components their role in NAFLD has been discussed. In this review, the implications of current dietary and exercise approaches, including Brazilian and other guidelines, are discussed, with a focus on determining the optimal nonpharmacological treatment to prescribe for NAFLD.
Keywords Moderate Alcohol-Consumption
Randomized Controlled-Trial
Controlled Clinical-Trials
Insulin-Resistance
Hepatic Steatosis
Weight-Loss
Mediterranean Diet
Metabolic Syndrome
Obese Individuals
Oxidative Stress
Language English
Date 2016
Published in Journal Of Diabetes Research. London, v. , p. 4597246, 2016.
ISSN 2314-6745 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Hindawi Ltd
Extent 4597246
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/4597246
Access rights Open access Open Access
Type Review Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000368367300001
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/46052

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