Disentangling the mental health impact of childhood abuse and neglect: A replication and extension study in a Brazilian sample of high-risk youth

Disentangling the mental health impact of childhood abuse and neglect: A replication and extension study in a Brazilian sample of high-risk youth

Author Oliveira, Irismar Reis de Google Scholar
Matos-Ragazzo, Ana Cristina Google Scholar
Zhang, Yuning Google Scholar
Vasconcelos, Nina Maia Google Scholar
Velasquez, Michella Lopes Google Scholar
Reis, Daniela Google Scholar
Ribeiro, Monica Goncalves Google Scholar
Rocha, Marina Monzani da Google Scholar
Rosario, Maria Conceicao do Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Stallard, Paul Google Scholar
Cecil, Charlotte A. M. Google Scholar
Abstract Childhood maltreatment is a key predictor of mental health problems across the life span. Yet, how maltreatment types independently and jointly influence the risk for psychiatric problems remains unclear. The aim of the study was two-fold: first, to replicate recent findings regarding the impact of maltreatment types on youth psychiatric symptoms, based on a Brazilian sample of high-risk adolescents (n = 347

age range = 11-17 yrs), and second, to extend existing findings by examining whether this relationship is mediated by bullying victimization and/or perpetration. Measures included self-report ratings of childhood maltreatment and peer victimization, as well as multi-informant reports of internalizing and externalizing symptoms. Consistent with prior research, we found that: (i) maltreatment types often co-occurred

(ii) there was a linear association between number of maltreatment types experienced and symptom severity (i.e. cumulative effect)

and (iii) emotional abuse emerged as the most consistent independent predictor of poor mental health across domains, raters, and gender. Additionally, this study extends previous findings by showing that the influence of maltreatment on psychiatric outcomes is partially mediated by peer victimization, but not by bullying perpetration. In conclusion, these findings expand our understanding of the heterogeneity in individual responses to maltreatment as well as highlighting emotional abuse as an important predictor of poor mental health.
Keywords Childhood maltreatment
Emotional abuse
Adolescence
Mental health
Psychiatric symptoms
Replication
Language English
Sponsor Global Participacoes em Energia
Economic and Social Research Council
Grant number ESRC: ES/N001273/1
Date 2018
Published in Child Abuse & Neglect. Oxford, v. 80, p. 312-323, 2018.
ISSN 0145-2134 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd
Extent 312-323
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2018.03.021
Access rights Closed access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000433398000030
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/45986

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