Violência entre parceiros íntimos e álcool: prevalência e fatores associados

Violência entre parceiros íntimos e álcool: prevalência e fatores associados

Alternative title Violence between intimate partners and alcohol use: prevalence and associated factors
Author Oliveira, Janaina Barbosa de Google Scholar
Lima, Maria Cristina Pereira Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Simão, Maria Odete Google Scholar
Cavariani, Mariana Braga Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Tucci, Adriana Marcassa Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Kerr-Corrêa, Florence Google Scholar
Institution Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Abstract Objective. To estimate physical violence between intimate partners and to examine the association between violence and sociodemographic variables, use of alcohol, and other related factors.Method. This epidemiologic survey included a stratified probabilistic sample representative of the population from the city of Sao Paulo in economic and educational terms. The Gender, Alcohol and Culture: An International Study (GENACIS) questionnaire was employed. The sampling unit was the home, where all individuals older than 18 years were candidates for interview. The final sample included 1 631 people. Statistical analysis employed the Rao Scott test and logistic regression.Results. The response rate was 74.5%. Most participants were female (58.8%), younger than 40 years of age (52%), or had 5 to 12 years of schooling. Of the overall group, 5.4% reported having been victims of physical violence by an intimate partner and 5.4% declared having been aggressors of intimate partners in the past 2 years. Most men declared that none of those involved had ingested alcohol at the moment of aggression. Most women reported that nobody or only the man had drunk. Being a victim or an aggressor was associated with younger age and having a heavy-drinking partner. Women suffered more serious aggression, requiring medical care, and expressed more anger and disgust at aggression than men.Conclusions. The results underscore the importance of the association between alcohol use and risk of aggression between intimate partners, and may contribute to the design of public policies aimed to control this situation.
Keywords Domestic violence
alcohol drinking
Language Portuguese
Date 2009-12-01
Published in Revista Panamericana De Salud Publica-pan American Journal Of Public Health. Washington: Pan Amer Health Organization, v. 26, n. 6, p. 494-501, 2009.
ISSN 1020-4989 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Pan Amer Health Organization
Extent 494-501
Access rights Open access Open Access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000273749800004
SciELO ID S1020-49892009001200004 (statistics in SciELO)

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