Efeitos de dois tipos de treinamento de natação sobre a adiposidade e o perfil lipídico de ratos obesos exógenos

Efeitos de dois tipos de treinamento de natação sobre a adiposidade e o perfil lipídico de ratos obesos exógenos

Alternative title Effects of two different types of swimming exercise on adiposity and lipid profile in rats with exogenous obesity
Author Zambon, Lucimara Google Scholar
Duarte, Fernanda Oliveira Google Scholar
Freitas, Laura Franco de Google Scholar
Scarmagnani, Flavia Regina Rodrigues Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Dâmaso, Ana Raimunda Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Duarte, Ana Claudia Garcia de Oliveira Google Scholar
Sene-Fiorese, Marcela Google Scholar
Institution Universidade Federal de São Carlos (UFSCar)
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Univ Camilo Castelo Branco
Abstract ObjectiveThe objective was to look into the effects of intermittent swimming against continuous exercise and inactivity in Wistar rats after they developed exogenous obesity though the consumption of a palatable fat-rich diet. The following was investigated: evolution of body weight, food intake, adiposity, fat percentage in tissues and lipid profile.MethodsAdult rats were kept in individual cages with free access to food and water. The experimental protocol included: 1) development of exogenous obesity (3 weeks). The animals were divided into S - inactive animals fed the standard Primor(R) diet (n=8) and HF - inactive animals fed a high-fat diet (n=32); 2) Treatment (the 8 following weeks) - the animals (n=24) were given the standard diet and divided into an inactive group, a continuous training group and an intermittent training group. Training occurred 5 times per week and was either continuous (90 minutes per day) or intermittent (3 times 30 minutes per day). The animals were killed at 3 and 8 weeks and the fat tissues, the liver and the blood were collected. Adiposity, fat percentage of the fat tissues and liver, gain of body weight, food consumption and lipid profile were determined.ResultsThe high-fat diet increased adiposity, percentage of fat in the liver, and induced dyslipidemias. Diet change and the two types of training were capable of reducing exogenous obesity. However, intermittent exercise was more efficient in reducing adiposity and preventing weight gain.ConclusionWhen associated with a balanced diet, the trainings used in this study can be used as a strategy to control weight and dyslipidemias, both in experimental models and in human beings.
Keywords Adiposity
Physical activity
Dyslipidemias
Obesity
Language Portuguese
Date 2009-09-01
Published in Revista De Nutricao-brazilian Journal Of Nutrition. Campinas: Pontificia Universidade Catolica Campinas, v. 22, n. 5, p. 707-715, 2009.
ISSN 1415-5273 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Pontificia Universidade Catolica Campinas
Extent 707-715
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1415-52732009000500011
Access rights Open access Open Access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000273977500011
SciELO ID S1415-52732009000500011 (statistics in SciELO)
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/11600/45473

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