Medically Unexplained Somatic Symptoms in Different Cultures. A Preliminary Report From Phase I of the World Health Organization International Study of Somatoform Disorders

Medically Unexplained Somatic Symptoms in Different Cultures. A Preliminary Report From Phase I of the World Health Organization International Study of Somatoform Disorders

Author Isaac, Mohan Google Scholar
Janca, Aleksandar Google Scholar
Burke, Kimberly Christie Google Scholar
Silva, Jorge Alberto Costa e Google Scholar
Acuda, Stanley Wilson Google Scholar
Altamura, A. Carlo Google Scholar
Burke, Jack D. Google Scholar
Chandrashekar, C. R. Google Scholar
Miranda, Claudio Torres de Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Tacchini, Gianluigi Google Scholar
Institution TEXAS A&M UNIV
UNIV ZIMBABWE
UNIV CAGLIARI
NATL INST MENTAL HLTH & NEUROSCI
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
UNIV MILAN
Abstract The World Health Organization has recently launched an international study of somatoform disorders in different cultures. Five centres representing distinct cultures participated in phase I of the project, the main objective of which was to test the cross-cultural applicability and reliability of instruments for the assessment of somatoform disorders. The analysis of the assessed somatic symptoms showed that various aches and pains in different parts of the body represented cross-culturally the most frequent symptoms for which there was no medical explanation. Such symptoms may indicate the presence of an underlying mental disorder but can also represent a means for culture-specific expression of psychosocial distress. This bears particular significance for health professionals in primary and general medical care, who are most likely to encounter patients presenting with multiple, persistent and medically unexplained somatic symptoms.
Keywords SOMATIZATION
SOMATOFORM DISORDERS
PAIN
MENTAL DISORDERS
Language English
Date 1995-01-01
Published in Psychotherapy And Psychosomatics. Basel: Karger, v. 64, n. 2, p. 88-93, 1995.
ISSN 0033-3190 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Karger
Extent 88-93
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000288996
Access rights Closed access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:A1995TD57700005
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/11600/45171

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