Phosphorylated neurofilament heavy chain is a marker of neurodegeneration in Leber hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON)

Phosphorylated neurofilament heavy chain is a marker of neurodegeneration in Leber hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON)

Author Guy, John Google Scholar
Shaw, Gerry Google Scholar
Ross-Cisneros, Fred N. Google Scholar
Quiros, Peter Google Scholar
Salomão, Solange Rios Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Berezovsky, Adriana Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Carelli, Valerio Google Scholar
Feuer, William J. Google Scholar
Sadun, Alfredo Arrigo Google Scholar
Institution Bascom Palmer Eye Inst
Univ Miami
Univ Florida
Doheny Eye Inst
Keck USC Sch Med
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Univ Bologna
Abstract Purpose: To determine the profile of neurodegeneration in Leber hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON).Methods: We quantitated serum levels of phosphorylated neurofilament heavy chain (pNF-H) in a Brazilian pedigree of 16 affected patients and 59 carriers with LHON, both molecularly characterized as harboring the G to A mutation at nucleotide 11,778 of the mitochondrial genome. The association of subject characteristics to pNF-H levels was studied with multiple regression; pNF-H data were square-root transformed to effect normality of distribution of residuals. Relationships between the square-root of pNF-H and age and sex were investigated within groups with Pearson correlation and the two-sample t-test. Linear regression was used to assess the difference between groups and to determine if the relationship of age was different between affected individuals and carriers. Results of plotting pNF-H levels by age suggested a nonlinear, quadratic association so age squared was used in the statistical analysis. ANCOVA was used to assess the influence of age and group on pNF-H levels.Results: In the carrier group, there was a significant correlation of square-root pNF-H (mean=0.24 ng/ml(2)) with age (r=0.30, p=0.022) and a stronger correlation with quadratic age (r=0.37, p=0.003). With a higher mean pNF-H (0.33 ng/ml2) for the affected group, correlations were of similar magnitude, although they were not statistically significant: age (r=0.22, p=0.42), quadratic age (r=0.22, p=0.45). There was no correlation between age and pNF-H levels (mean=0.34 ng/ml(2)) in the off-pedigree group: age (r=0.03, p=0.87), quadratic age (r=0.04, p=0.84). There was no difference between sexes and pNF-H levels in any of the groups ( affected, p=0.65; carriers, p=0.19; off-pedigree, p=0.93).Conclusions: Elevated pNF-H released into the serum of some affected LHON patients may suggest that axonal degeneration occurs at some point after loss of visual function. Increases in pNF-H levels of carriers with increasing age, not seen in off-pedigree controls, may suggest subtle subclinical optic nerve degeneration.
Language English
Grant number EY018600-01
1R01EY017141-01A2
EY014801
Date 2008-12-22
Published in Molecular Vision. Atlanta: Molecular Vision, v. 14, n. 281, p. 2443-2450, 2008.
ISSN 1090-0535 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Molecular Vision
Extent 2443-2450
Origin http://www.molvis.org/molvis/v14/a281/
Access rights Open access Open Access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000263857200001
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/11600/44933

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