Self-esteem and depression in patients presenting Angle Class III malocclusion submitted for orthognathic surgery

Self-esteem and depression in patients presenting Angle Class III malocclusion submitted for orthognathic surgery

Author Nicodemo, Denise Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Pereira, Max Domingues Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Ferreira, Lydia Masako Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Institution Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Abstract Objective: To assess self-esteem and depression in patients submitted for orthognathic surgery. Methods: Assessment was realized on 29 patients, male and female, aged 17 to 46, presenting Angle Class III malocclusion and referred for surgical treatment, during the preoperative (orthodontic preparation) and postoperative (six-month postoperative) periods. Either maxillomandibular or isolated procedures were performed. Two previously validated standardized measurement instruments for this area were used: the UNIFESP-EPM Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale and the Self-Report Questionnaire-20 (SRQ-20). Descriptive and inferential statistical analysis (Repeated Measures Analysis of Variance and the Bonferroni test) verified possible interactions between the pre and postoperative periods, genders and types of surgery. Significance was determined at 5%. Results: Females showed improved self-esteem, presenting lower mean values after surgery (8.9 to 6.3). Regarding depression, a significant reduction in the number of depressive symptoms (p=0.002) occurred for female patients. Conclusions: Female patients presented improved self-esteem and diminished depressive symptoms due to surgical intervention; whereas male patients showed no alteration in self-esteem and depression with surgical intervention.
Keywords orthognathic surgery
quality of life
buccal health
psychosocial impact
self-esteem
depression
Language English
Date 2008-01-01
Published in Medicina Oral Patologia Oral Y Cirugia Bucal. Valencia: Medicina Oral S L, v. 13, n. 1, p. E48-E51, 2008.
ISSN 1698-4447 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Medicina Oral S L
Extent E48-E51
Origin http://www.medicinaoral.com/medoralfree01/v13i1/medoralv13i1p48.pdf
Access rights Open access Open Access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000259504900011
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/11600/44882

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