Effects of long-term periodized resistance training on body composition, leptin, resistin and muscle strength in elderly post-menopausal women

Effects of long-term periodized resistance training on body composition, leptin, resistin and muscle strength in elderly post-menopausal women

Author Botero, Joao Paulo Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Shiguemoto, G. E. Google Scholar
Prestes, Jonato Google Scholar
Marin, C. T. Google Scholar
Prado, Wagner Luiz do Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Pontes, C. S. Google Scholar
Guerra, Ricardo Luís Fernandes Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Ferreia, F. C. Google Scholar
Baldissera, Vilmar Google Scholar
Perez, Sergio E. A. Google Scholar
Institution Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Universidade Federal de São Carlos (UFSCar)
UNICEP
Cathol Univ Brasilia
Univ Pernambuco
Abstract Objective of the study was to determine the effects of a periodized resistance training program on body composition, plasmatic levels of leptin and resistin, and muscle strength in elderly post-menopausal women.Methods. Twenty-three post-menopausal women (age=63.02 +/- 4.42 years; height 1.55 +/- 0.06 m; body mass 67.56 +/- 2.26 kg) were submitted to 12 months of periodized resistance training twice a week. The training program consisted of 3 sets of 6-14 repetitions maximal (RM). Body composition (DXA), muscle strength (bench press, leg press 45 and arm curl), plasmatic levels of resistin and leptin (ELISA method) were assessed before and after the training program. Paired Student's t test was used for comparison between pre- and post-training values.Results. There was a significant increase in muscle strength and lean body mass; decrease in body mass, body fat percentage and fat mass after 12 months of resistance training, a part from the decrease in leptin and resistin levels.Conclusion. Long-term periodized resistance training prevents aging sarcopenia, decreases body fat and systemic markers of inflammation in postmenopausal elderly women.
Keywords Resistance training
Cytokines
Postmenopause
Body composition
Aging
Language English
Sponsor Central Paulista University Center - UNICEP
Laboratory of Exercise Physiology of Federal University of Sao Carlos, SP, Brazil
Date 2013-06-01
Published in Journal Of Sports Medicine And Physical Fitness. Turin: Edizioni Minerva Medica, v. 53, n. 3, p. 289-294, 2013.
ISSN 0022-4707 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Edizioni Minerva Medica
Extent 289-294
Origin https://www.minervamedica.it/en/journals/sports-med-physical-fitness/article.php?cod=R40Y2013N03A0289
Access rights Closed access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000322855200011
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/11600/44697

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