Gender and minor psychiatric morbidity: Results of a case-control study in a developing country

Show simple item record Coutinho, Evandro da Silva Freire Almeida Filho, Naomar de Mari, Jair de Jesus [UNIFESP] Rodrigues, Laura C. 2018-06-15T17:49:45Z 2018-06-15T17:49:45Z 1999-01-01
dc.identifier.citation International Journal Of Psychiatry In Medicine. Amityville: Baywood Publ Co Inc, v. 29, n. 2, p. 197-208, 1999.
dc.identifier.issn 0091-2174
dc.description.abstract Objective: Women suffer from minor psychiatric disorders (MPM) more frequently than men. Most of the studies were conducted in England and in the United States and some reported the higher occurrence of MPM among women to be modified by marital status and others by sociodemographic variables. The present study intends to address this question in a developing country. Method: A population based case-control study was conducted in three important urban centers in Brazil. Two hundred seventy-six individuals diagnosed as new cases of MPM and 261 controls were selected to investigate the role of a set of sociodemographic variables in the association between gender and MPM using logistic regression models. Results: Univariate analysis showed that women were more likely than men to suffer from MPM (OR = 3.34; 2.27-4.91). After controlling for other sociodemographic variables, female gender was still positively associated with MPM, but not in a homogeneous way. A multiplicative interaction of gender with age group was found (LRT = 6.01; 2 df; p = 0.05) suggesting an increment in the magnitude of the association among those older than thirty years. Odds-ratios were 2.33 (1.19-4.55), 6.85 (2.86-16.41), and 7.47 (2.90-19.22) for age groups of fourteen to twenty-nine; thirty to forty-four, forty-five or more, respectively. There was no evidence of interaction of gender with marital status or other sociodemographic variables. Conclusions: The findings are consistent with the modification of the association between gender and MPM being mediated by social factors. en
dc.format.extent 197-208
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Baywood Publ Co Inc
dc.relation.ispartof International Journal Of Psychiatry In Medicine
dc.rights Acesso restrito
dc.subject anxiety disorders en
dc.subject case-control study en
dc.subject dysthymic disorder en
dc.subject phobic disorders en
dc.subject risk factors en
dc.subject sex en
dc.subject somatoform disorders en
dc.title Gender and minor psychiatric morbidity: Results of a case-control study in a developing country en
dc.type Artigo
dc.contributor.institution Escola Nacl Saude Publica
dc.contributor.institution Universidade Federal da Bahia (UFBA)
dc.contributor.institution Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
dc.contributor.institution London Sch Hyg & Trop Med
dc.description.affiliation Escola Nacl Saude Publica, FIOCRUZ, Rio De Janeiro, Brazil
dc.description.affiliation Univ Fed Bahia, Inst Saudo Colet, BR-41170290 Salvador, BA, Brazil
dc.description.affiliation Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil
dc.description.affiliation London Sch Hyg & Trop Med, London WC1, England
dc.description.affiliationUnifesp Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil
dc.identifier.doi 10.2190/VDHK-N34Q-CQX7-B0PY
dc.description.source Web of Science
dc.identifier.wos WOS:000083808400006


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