Malnutrition, Long-Term Health and the Effect of Nutritional Recovery

Malnutrition, Long-Term Health and the Effect of Nutritional Recovery

Author Sawaya, Ana Lydia Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Martins, Paula Andrea Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Martins, Vinícius José Baccin Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Florêncio, Telma Maria de Menezes Toledo Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Hoffman, Daniel Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Franco, Maria do Carmo Pinho Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Neves, Janaina das Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Institution Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Abstract It is estimated that over 51 million people in Brazil live in slums, areas where a high prevalence of malnutrition is also found. In general, the population of 'slum dwellers' growing at a faster rate than urban populations. This condition is associated with poor sanitation, unhealthy food habits, low birthweight, and stunting. Stunting is of particular concern as longitudinal and cross-sectional studies of stunded adolescents have shown a high susceptibility to gain central fat, lower fat oxidation, and lower resting and postprandial energy expenditure. In addition, higher blood pressure, higher plasma uric acid and impaired flow-mediated vascular dilation were all associated with a higher level of hypertension in low insulin production by pancreatic beta cells. All these factors are linked with higher risk of chronic diseases later in life. Among stunded adults, alterations in plasma lipids, glucose and insulin have also been reported. However, adequate nutritional recovery with linear catch-up growth, after treatment in nutritional rehabilitation centers, can moderate the alterations in body composition, bone density and insulin production. Copyright (C) 2009 Nestec Ltd., Vevey/S. Karger AG, Basel
Language English
Date 2009-01-01
Published in Emerging Societies - Coexistence Of Childhood Malnutrition And Obesity. Basel: Karger, v. 63, p. 95-108, 2009.
ISSN 0742-2806 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Karger
Extent 95-108
Access rights Closed access
Type Book chapter
Web of Science ID WOS:000265569500008

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