Effect of three exercise programs on patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

Effect of three exercise programs on patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

Author Dourado, Victor Zuniga Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Tanni, Suzana Erico Google Scholar
Antunes, Leticia Claudia de Oliveira Google Scholar
Paiva, S. A. R. Google Scholar
Campana, A. O. Google Scholar
Renno, Ana Claudia Muniz Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Godoy, Irma de Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Institution Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
Abstract We compared the effect of three different exercise programs on patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease including strength training at 50-80% of one-repetition maximum (1-RM) (ST; N = 11), low-intensity general training (LGT; N = 13), or combined training groups (CT; N = 11). Body composition, muscle strength, treadmill endurance test (TEnd), 6-min walk test (6MWT), Saint George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ), and baseline dyspnea (BDI) were assessed prior to and after the training programs (12 weeks). The training modalities showed similar improvements (P > 0.05) in SGRQ-total (ST = 13 +/- 14%; CT = 12 +/- 14%; LGT = 11 +/- 10%), BDI (ST = 1.8 +/- 4; CT = 1.8 +/- 3; LGT = 1 +/- 2), 6MWT (ST = 43 +/- 51 m; CT = 48 +/- 50 m; LGT = 31 +/- 75 m), and TEnd (ST = 11 +/- 20 min; CT = 11 +/- 11 min; LGT = 7 +/- 5 min). In the ST and CT groups, an additional improvement in 1-RM values was shown (P < 0.05) compared to the LGT group (ST = 10 +/- 6 to 57 +/- 36 kg; CT = 6 +/- 2 to 38 +/- 16 kg; LGT = 1 +/- 2 to 16 +/- 12 kg). The addition of strength training to our current training program increased muscle strength; however, it produced no additional improvement in walking endurance, dyspnea or quality of life. A simple combined training program provides benefits without increasing the duration of the training sessions.
Keywords Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Exercises
Rehabilitation
Strength training
Language English
Date 2009-03-01
Published in Brazilian Journal Of Medical And Biological Research. Sao Paulo: Assoc Bras Divulg Cientifica, v. 42, n. 3, p. 263-271, 2009.
ISSN 0100-879X (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Assoc Bras Divulg Cientifica
Extent 263-271
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-879X2009000300007
Access rights Open access Open Access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000264200100007
SciELO ID S0100-879X2009000300007 (statistics in SciELO)
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/11600/43134

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