O Mini-Exame do Estado Mental em uma população geral: impacto da escolaridade

O Mini-Exame do Estado Mental em uma população geral: impacto da escolaridade

Alternative title THE MINI-MENTAL-STATE-EXAMINATION IN AN OUTPATIENT POPULATION - INFLUENCE OF LITERACY
Author Bertolucci, Paulo Henrique Ferreira Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Brucki, Sonia Maria Dozzi Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Campacci, Sandra R. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Juliano, Yara Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Institution Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Abstract To assess the influence of age and education on cognitive performance in our population, 530 adults were interviewed using the MMSE (Mini-Mental Status Examination). Education level, classified as illiterate, elementary and middle (< 8 years) and high (> 8 years), was a significant predictor of performance (p < 0.0001). Nevertheless, the total scores were not significantly different among the age-groups, young (< or = 50 years), middle age 51 to 64 years) and elderly (> or = 65 years). The reference cut-off values were taken from the fifth percent lowest score for each group: illiterate, 13; elementary and middle, 18; and high, 26. When compared to 94 pacients with cognitive impairment, our cut-off values achieved high sensitivity (82.4% for illiterates; 75.6% for elementary and middle; 80% for high) and specificity (97.5% for illiterate; 96.6% for elementary and middle; 95.6% for high educational level). Education-specific reference values for the MMSE are necessary in interpreting individual test results in populations of low educational level, in order to reduce the false positive results.
Keywords COGNITION
EDUCATIONAL STATUS
NEUROPSYCHOLOGICAL TESTS
MINI-MENTAL STATE EXAMINATION
Language Portuguese
Date 1994-03-01
Published in Arquivos De Neuro-psiquiatria. Sao Paulo Sp: Assoc Arquivos De Neuro- Psiquiatria, v. 52, n. 1, p. 1-7, 1994.
ISSN 0004-282X (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Assoc Arquivos De Neuro- Psiquiatria
Extent 1-7
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0004-282X1994000100001
Access rights Open access Open Access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:A1994NE04500001
SciELO ID S0004-282X1994000100001 (statistics in SciELO)
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/11600/42727

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