Overweight and obesity related factors in schoolchildren in Santa Catarina State, Brazil

Overweight and obesity related factors in schoolchildren in Santa Catarina State, Brazil

Author Gabriel, Cristine Garcia Google Scholar
Corso, Arlete Catarina Tittoni Google Scholar
Caldeira, Gilberto Veras Google Scholar
Gimeno, Suely Godoy Agostinho Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Schmitz, Bethsaida de Abreu Soares Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Vasconcelos, Francisco de Assis Guedes Google Scholar
Institution Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina (UFSC)
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Abstract The purpose of this study is to determine the correlation of socioeconomic, dietary, and anthropometric-nutritional variables of parents and their children to overweight (including obesity) in schoolchildren in Santa Catarina State, Brazil. This is a transversal study conducted on 4,964, 6 to 10-year-old schoolchildren registered in 345 Santa Catarina elementary schools. The following data were acquired: the children's current weight and height, birth weight and length, duration of breastfeeding, age at which water, herbal tea and other foods were introduced to their diet; parental income, education level, age, weight and height were also obtained. The prevalence of overweight and obese children were estimated by point and by interval with a 95% confidence; prevalence rates were obtained based on the Poisson model. An hierarchical approach was used, in which variables were adjusted within blocks and included in the model when they presented p<0.05 at the outcome (overweight including obesity). The results indicate that 47.8% of the subjects were male. The prevalence of overweight and obese students was 15.4% (C195%: 14.4%-16.5%) and 6.1% (CI95%: 5.4%-6.7%) respectively and were statistically similar among sexes and age ranges. BMI values were higher in males and among older children (p<0.05). After adjustment within and among blocks, the variables per capita household income and parents' BM I values remained associated with overweight (including obesity). Overweight (including obesity) in schoolchildren is associated with a higher per capita household income and parental overweight and obesity.
Keywords Nutritional status
childhood obesity
schoolchildren
Language English
Date 2010-12-01
Published in Archivos Latinoamericanos De Nutricion. Caracas: Archivos Latinoamericanos Nutricion, v. 60, n. 4, p. 332-339, 2010.
ISSN 0004-0622 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Archivos Latinoamericanos Nutricion
Extent 332-339
Origin http://www.scielo.org.ve/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0004-06222010000400003&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=en
Access rights Open access Open Access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000294036200003
SciELO ID S0004-06222010000400003 (statistics in SciELO)
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/11600/42687

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