Physical exercise improves the functional capacity and quality of life in patients with heart failure

Physical exercise improves the functional capacity and quality of life in patients with heart failure

Author Bocalini, Danilo Sales Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Santos, Leonardo dos Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Serra, Andrey Jorge Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Institution Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Abstract OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of physical exercise on the functional capacity and quality of life in heart failure patients. METHODS: Forty-two patients of both sexes with heart failure of NYHA class II and III with different etiologies were randomly divided into untrained or trained groups. The six-month exercise program consisted of aerobic training, muscle strength training, agility and joint flexibility activities. Physical fitness was evaluated by testing the performance on these trained components. Quality of life was evaluated by scored answers to a standardized questionnaire involving multiple domains. RESULTS: Baseline values did not differ between groups. Improvement in the trained group was identified in all components of functional capacity when compared to the untrained group (p < 0.001). Quality of life improved in the trained patients concerning physical, psychological, social and environmental domains (p < 0.001), whereas no significant change was found in the untrained patients. CONCLUSIONS: Guided and monitored physical exercise is safe and has the potential to improve functional capacity and quality of life in heart failure patients with multiple etiologies.
Keywords Physical exercise
Heart failure
Functional capacity
Physical rehabilitation
Quality of life
Language English
Date 2008-01-01
Published in Clinics. Faculdade de Medicina / USP, v. 63, n. 4, p. 437-442, 2008.
ISSN 1807-5932 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Faculdade de Medicina / USP
Extent 437-442
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1807-59322008000400005
Access rights Open access Open Access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000258504600005
SciELO ID S1807-59322008000400005 (statistics in SciELO)
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/4101

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