Mindfulness-Based Interventions for the Treatment of Smoking: A Systematic Literature Review

Mindfulness-Based Interventions for the Treatment of Smoking: A Systematic Literature Review

Author Weiss de Souza, Isabel Cristina Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Barros, Viviam Vargas de Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Gomide, Henrique Pinto Google Scholar
Mendes Miranda, Tassiana Cristina Google Scholar
Menezes, Vinicius de Paula Google Scholar
Kozasa, Elisa Harumi Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Noto, Ana Regina Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Institution Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Univ Fed Juiz de Fora
Hosp Israelita Albert Einstein
Abstract Objectives: Smoking is a chronic process in which craving and negative affect are considered the main barriers to maintaining abstinence in patients who have gone through treatment. Mindfulness-based interventions have presented encouraging preliminary results in follow-up lasting up to 6 months. the aim of this study was to perform a systematic literature review on the effects of mindfulness-based interventions for the treatment of smoking.Methods: of 198 articles on mindfulness and smoking, 13 controlled empirical studies were selected for the analysis. the search included papers published through April 14, 2014. the databases used were Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, PsycINFO, PubMed, and Scopus.Results: Scientific interest on mindfulness-based interventions for the treatment of smoking has increased over the past decade. All articles reported promising results, especially for smoking cessation, relapse prevention, number of cigarettes smoked, the moderation of mindfulness on the strength of relationship between craving and smoking, and the development of coping strategies to deal with triggers to smoke. Most of the articles corresponded to pilot or feasibility randomized controlled trials with low risk of bias regarding random sequence generation, attrition, and reporting. However, few articles reported sufficient data on selection, performance, and detection bias.Conclusions: Mindfulness appears to induce positive effects on mental health, which might contribute to the maintenance of tobacco abstinence. Despite the promising results regarding the responses of tobacco smokers to mindfulness-based interventions, additional well-designed clinical studies are needed.
Language English
Sponsor Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de Minas Gerais (FAPEMIG)
Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq)
Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES)
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP)
Date 2015-03-01
Published in Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine. New Rochelle: Mary Ann Liebert, Inc, v. 21, n. 3, p. 129-140, 2015.
ISSN 1075-5535 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Mary Ann Liebert, Inc
Extent 129-140
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/acm.2013.0471
Access rights Closed access
Type Review
Web of Science ID WOS:000350749200002
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/38850

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