Categories That Should Be Removed From Mental Disorders Classifications: Perspectives and Rationales of Clinicians From Eight Countries

Categories That Should Be Removed From Mental Disorders Classifications: Perspectives and Rationales of Clinicians From Eight Countries

Author Robles, Rebeca Google Scholar
Fresan, Ana Google Scholar
Elena Medina-Mora, Maria Google Scholar
Sharan, Pratap Google Scholar
Roberts, Michael C. Google Scholar
Mari, Jair de Jesus Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Matsumoto, Chihiro Google Scholar
Maruta, Toshimasa Google Scholar
Gureje, Oye Google Scholar
Luis Ayuso-Mateos, Jose Google Scholar
Xiao, Zeping Google Scholar
Reed, Geoffrey M. Google Scholar
Institution Natl Inst Psychiat Ramon de la Fuente Muniz
All India Inst Med Sci
Univ Kansas
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Tokyo Med Univ
Univ Ibadan
Univ Autonoma Madrid
Shanghai Jiao Tong Univ
Abstract ObjectiveTo explore the rationales of mental health professionals (mainly psychiatrists and psychologists) from 8 countries for removing specific diagnostic categories from mental disorders classification systems.MethodAs part of a larger study, 505 participants indicated which of 60 major disorders should be omitted from mental disorders classification systems and provided rationales. Rationale statements were analyzed using inductive content analysis.ResultsThe majority of clinicians (60.4%) indicated that 1 or more disorders should be removed. the most common rationales were (a) problematic boundaries between normal and psychopathological conditions (45.9% of total removal recommendations), (b) problematic boundaries among mental disorders (25.4%), and (c) problematic boundaries between mental and physical disorders (24.0%). the categories most frequently recommended for deletion were gender identity disorder, sexual dysfunction, and paraphilias, usually because clinicians viewed these categories as being based on stigmatization of a way of being and behaving. A range of neurocognitive disorders were described as better conceptualized as nonpsychiatric medical conditions. Results were analyzed by country and country income level. Although gender identity disorder was the category most frequently recommended for removal overall, clinicians from Spain, India, and Mexico were most likely to do so and clinicians from Nigeria and Japan least likely, probably because of social and systemic factors that vary by country. Systematic differences in removal rationales by country income level may be related to the development, structure, and functioning of health systems.ConclusionImplications for development and dissemination of the classification of mental and behavioral disorders in WHO's ICD-11 are discussed.
Keywords mental disorders
International Classification of Diseases (ICD)
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM)
clinical utility
Language English
Sponsor International Union of Psychological Science
National Institute of Mental Health (USA)
World Psychiatric Association
Spanish Foundation of Psychiatry and Mental Health (Spain)
Santander Bank UAM/UNAM endowed Chair for Psychiatry (Spain/Mexico)
Date 2015-03-01
Published in Journal of Clinical Psychology. Hoboken: Wiley-Blackwell, v. 71, n. 3, p. 267-281, 2015.
ISSN 0021-9762 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell
Extent 267-281
Access rights Closed access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000349780200008

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