Effectiveness of Enteral Nutritional Therapy in the Healing Process of Pressure Ulcers: A Systematic Review

Effectiveness of Enteral Nutritional Therapy in the Healing Process of Pressure Ulcers: A Systematic Review

Author Blanc, Gisely Google Scholar
Meier, Marineli Joaquim Google Scholar
Stocco, Janislei Giseli Dorociaki Google Scholar
Roehrs, Hellen Google Scholar
Crozeta, Karla Google Scholar
Barbosa, Dulce Aparecida Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Institution Univ Fed Parana
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Abstract Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of enteral nutritional therapy (ENT) in the healing process of pressure ulcers (PU) in adults and the elderly. Method: A systematic review whose studies were identified through the databases of Cochrane, MEDLINE/PubMed, SciELO, LILACS, EMBASE, CINAHL, Web of Science, and manual searches. It included randomized clinical trials (RCTs) without delimiting the period or language of publication, which addressed adults and elderly patients with pressure ulcers in a comparative treatment of enteral nutritional therapy and placebo or between enteral nutritional therapy with different compositions and dosages. Results: We included ten studies that considered different interventions. It resulted in more pressure ulcers healed in the groups that received the intervention. the included studies were heterogeneous with regard to patients, the type of intervention, the sample and the follow-up period, all of which made meta-analysis impossible. Conclusion: Although the enteral nutritional therapy demonstrates a promotion of pressure ulcer healing, sufficient evidence to confirm the hypothesis was not found.
Keywords Pressure Ulcer
Nutrition Therapy
Wound Healing
Review
Language English
Date 2015-02-01
Published in Revista Da Escola de Enfermagem Da Usp. Cerquera Cesar: Univ Sao Paolo, v. 49, n. 1, p. 150-159, 2015.
ISSN 0080-6234 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Univ Sao Paolo
Extent 150-159
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0080-623420150000100020
Access rights Open access Open Access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000351541500020
SciELO ID S0080-623420150000100020 (statistics in SciELO)
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/38670

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