The influence of the initiation of an exercise programme on seroma formation and dehiscence following breast cancer surgery

The influence of the initiation of an exercise programme on seroma formation and dehiscence following breast cancer surgery

Author Petito, Eliana L. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Esteves, Marcella T. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Elias, Simone Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Facina, Gil Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Nazario, Afonso C. P. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Gutierrez, Maria G. R. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Institution Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Abstract Aims and objectives. To verify whether early (first post-operative day) or late initiation (after removal of the continuous suction drain) of a functional rehabilitation exercise programme influences the incidence of seroma formation and dehiscence for women after breast cancer surgery.Background. Benefits of early implementation of an exercise programme initiated with women in the first days following breast cancer surgery are widely known. However, the safe initiation of the exercises is still a controversial issue and some authors correlate early initiation of the exercises with an increase in seroma formation.Design. A prospective, randomised, controlled clinical trial.Methods. Seventy-seven women were randomly assigned to initiate the programme on post-operative day 1 (early group = 40) or after removal of the drain (late group = 37) and were monitored until the 45th post-operative day. Patients in the early group were instructed to perform the exercises daily at home, beginning on post-operative day 1, while those of the late group began the exercises after the drain was removed. the assessment for seroma formation and dehiscence was performed on post-operative days 7 and 45.Results. There was no statistically significant difference regard to seroma formation between early group and late group. Also there was no association between the presence of dehiscence and early exercises.Conclusion. the early initiation of the exercises for women, following breast cancer surgery, constitutes a safe practice for the rehabilitation. However, these findings need to be further explored and confirmed in a larger sample.Relevance to clinical practice. Studies showing evidence that early functional rehabilitation process is a safe practice for women having surgery for breast cancer, as well as the present research, are of interest to health professionals who care for these patients and contribute to the wider global clinical community.
Keywords breast neoplasms
dehiscence
exercises
seroma
Language English
Sponsor Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq)
Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES)
Date 2014-11-01
Published in Journal of Clinical Nursing. Hoboken: Wiley-Blackwell, v. 23, n. 21-22, p. 3087-3094, 2014.
ISSN 0962-1067 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell
Extent 3087-3094
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jocn.12544
Access rights Closed access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000343835300010
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/38429

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