Effect of ethylcellulose on the structure and stability of non-aqueous oil based propylene glycol emulsions

Effect of ethylcellulose on the structure and stability of non-aqueous oil based propylene glycol emulsions

Author Ceballos, Marcelo R. Google Scholar
Brailovsky, Valentina Google Scholar
Bierbrauer, Karina L. Google Scholar
Cuffini, Silvia L. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Beltramo, Dante M. Google Scholar
Bianco, Ismael D. Google Scholar
Institution Ctr Excelenda Prod & Proc CEPROCOR
Consejo Nacl Invest Cient & Tecn CONICET
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Univ Catalica Cordoba
Univ Nacl La Rioja
Abstract The hydrophobic polymer ethylcellulose (EC) has been used to structure vegetable oils and as a stabilizer of oil/water (o/w) emulsions, among other non food uses. in this work we show that EC dissolved in medium chain triglycerides (MCT) or soybean oil (SO) is able to stabilize non-aqueous emulsions of propylene glycol (PG) as a dispersed phase. Cream-like emulsions can be obtained at both low and high homogenization speeds which show a very good stability for at least one month without the requirement of co-surfactants. PG-in-oil emulsions at concentrations of EC below 5% (w/w) display pseudoplastic behavior and greater viscosity than the respective solutions of the polymer in MCT or SO. However, at concentrations of EC above 5% (w/w) firm gels are formed in MCI' or SO and after the addition of PG, the emulsions formed have lower viscosity than the original solutions of the polymer in MCI' or SO. Such effects were independent of the mean molecular weight (MMW) of the EC at high shear stress and inversely proportional at low shear stress. These results indicate that the stabilizing effect of EC in PG-in-oil emulsions might not be caused mainly by an increase in the viscosity of the continuous phase. Comparing all the results obtained, we can infer that EC, despite being insoluble in PG, is promoting interactions which are responsible for the observed effects.These PG-in-oil emulsions have interesting structural and flow properties which make them attractive to be used in food formulations, either as emulsions themselves or as potential vehicles for active ingredients. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Keywords Ethlylcellulose
Non-aqueous emulsions
Language English
Grant number CONICET: PIP 11220100100502
CONICET: PIP 11220090100732
Date 2014-08-01
Published in Food Research International. Amsterdam: Elsevier B.V., v. 62, p. 416-423, 2014.
ISSN 0963-9969 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Elsevier B.V.
Extent 416-423
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodres.2014.03.040
Access rights Closed access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000340015100050
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/38048

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