Perceived Stress Latent Factors and the Burnout Subtypes: A Structural Model in Dental Students

Perceived Stress Latent Factors and the Burnout Subtypes: A Structural Model in Dental Students

Author Montero-Marin, Jesus Google Scholar
Demarzo, Marcelo Marcos Piva Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Stapinski, Lexine Google Scholar
Gili, Margarita Google Scholar
Garcia-Campayo, Javier Google Scholar
Institution Fac Hlth & Sport Sci
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Univ Bristol
Univ New S Wales
Univ Balearic Isl
Univ Zaragoza
Primary Care Prevent & Hlth Promot Res Network Re
Abstract Background: Students of health-professions suffer high levels of stress and burnout. the aim of the present study was to evaluate the relationship between perceived stress latent factors ('tenseness' and 'frustration') and the features ('overload', 'lack of development' and 'neglect') of the three burnout subtypes ('frenetic', 'under-challenged' and 'worn-out', respectively), in a sample of Spanish dental students.Methods: the study employed a cross-sectional design. A sample of Spanish dental students (n = 314) completed the 'Perceived Stress Questionnaire' and the 'Burnout Clinical Subtype Questionnaire Student Survey'. the associations among variables were observed by means of structural equation modelling using the unweighted least squares method from polychoric correlations.Results: Strong associations among perceived stress factors and the burnout characteristics were observed, although a distinct pattern of relations was observed for each burnout subtype. the 'overload' was moderately and positively associated with both 'tenseness' (0.45), and 'frustration' (0.38) dimensions of perceived stress; the 'lack of development' was positively associated with the 'frustration' dimension (0.72), but negatively associated with 'tenseness' (-0.69); the 'neglect' showed a weaker positive associated with 'frustration' (0.41), and a small negative association with 'tenseness' (-0.20). the model was a very good fit to the data (GFI = 0.96; RSMR = 0.07; AGFI = 0.96; NFI = 0.95; RFI = 0.95).Conclusions: the stress factors of 'frustration' and 'tenseness' seems to be related in a distinct way to the burnout subtypes in Spanish dental students. This finding suggests that intervention programs specifically tailored to these subtypes may be a promising future direction.
Language English
Sponsor Research Network on Preventative Activities and Health Promotion, Aragon Health Sciences Institute, Faculty of Health and Sports (University of Zaragoza)
Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry (University of Santiago de Compostela)
Grant number Research Network on Preventative Activities and Health Promotion, Aragon Health Sciences Institute, Faculty of Health and Sports (University of Zaragoza): RD06/0018/0017
Date 2014-06-13
Published in Plos One. San Francisco: Public Library Science, v. 9, n. 6, 8 p., 2014.
ISSN 1932-6203 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Public Library Science
Extent 8
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0099765
Access rights Open access Open Access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000338278100077
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/37873

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