Influence of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder on binge eating behaviors and psychiatric comorbidity profile of obese women

Influence of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder on binge eating behaviors and psychiatric comorbidity profile of obese women

Author Nazar, Bruno Palazzo Google Scholar
Suwwan, Raphael Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Sousa Pinna, Camilla Moreira de Google Scholar
Duchesne, Monica Google Scholar
Freitas, Silvia Regina Google Scholar
Sergeant, Joseph Google Scholar
Mattos, Paulo Google Scholar
Institution Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ)
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Vrije Univ Amsterdam
Abstract Objective: Previous studies have reported higher prevalence rates of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) both in eating disorders (ED) and in obese patients. We compared the psychiatric comorbidity profile of obese ADHD women with non-ADHD obese women and how ADHD symptoms impact in binge eating behaviors.Design: Cross-sectional study of a clinical sample.Subjects: 171 adult women were evaluated at a specialized clinic in obesity and ED.Measurements: Participants complete a semi-structured interview and psychopathology rating scales. A hierarchical regression model was employed to predict binge eating behavior.Results: Obese ADHD patients had a larger number of psychiatric comorbidities (p < 0.001), especially Substance Abuse Disorders, and higher scores on psychopathology rating scales (p < 0.05). the highest prediction for binge eating in the regression model was the presence of depressive symptoms, followed by ADHD inattention symptoms and trait-impulsivity.Conclusion: ADHD should be routinely evaluated in obese since it is related with more severe psychopathology. Depressive symptoms can predict the presence of binge eating in obese patients. (C) 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Language English
Date 2014-04-01
Published in Comprehensive Psychiatry. Philadelphia: W B Saunders Co-Elsevier Inc, v. 55, n. 3, p. 572-578, 2014.
ISSN 0010-440X (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Elsevier B.V.
Extent 572-578
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.comppsych.2013.09.015
Access rights Closed access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000333661800024
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/37613

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