Mindfulness may both moderate and mediate the effect of physical fitness on cardiovascular responses to stress: a speculative hypothesis

Mindfulness may both moderate and mediate the effect of physical fitness on cardiovascular responses to stress: a speculative hypothesis

Author Demarzo, Marcelo Marcos Piva Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Montero-Marin, Jesus Google Scholar
Stein, Phyllis K. Google Scholar
Cebolla, Ausias Google Scholar
Provinciale, Jaime G. Google Scholar
Garcia-Campayo, Javier Google Scholar
Institution Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Univ Zaragoza
Washington Univ
Univ Jaume 1
Ctr Invest Biomed Red Fisiopatol Obesidad & Nutr
Univ Politecn Valencia
Abstract The psychological construct of mindfulness refers to an awareness that emerges by intentionally paying attention to the present experience in a non-judgmental or evaluative way. This particular quality of awareness has been associated to several indicators of physical and psychological health, and can be developed using mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs), and therefore MBIs have been successfully applied as preventive and complementary interventions and therapies in medicine and psychology. Together with quiet sitting and lying meditation practices, mindful physical exercises such as mindful walking and mindful movement are key elements in MBIs and couple muscular activity with an internally directed focus, improving interoceptive attention to bodily sensations. in addition, MBIs seem to share similar mechanisms with physical fitness (PF) by which they may influence cardiovascular responses to stress. Based on these facts, it is feasible to raise the question of whether physical training itself may induce the development of that particular quality of awareness associated with mindfulness, or if one's dispositional mindfulness (DM) (the tendency to be more mindful in daily life) could moderate the effects of exercise on cardiovascular response to stress. the role of mindfulness as a mediator or moderator of the effect of exercise training on cardiovascular responses to stress has barely been studied. in this study, we have hypothesized pathways (moderation and mediation) by which mindfulness could significantly influence the effects of PF on cardiovascular responses to stress and discussed potential practical ways to test these hypotheses.
Keywords mindfulness
moderator effects
mediational model
physical fitness
cardiovascular system
psychological stress
mindful exercise
Language English
Sponsor Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq)
Date 2014-03-25
Published in Frontiers in Physiology. Lausanne: Frontiers Research Foundation, v. 5, 8 p., 2014.
ISSN 1664-042X (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Frontiers Research Foundation
Extent 8
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fphys.2014.00105
Access rights Open access Open Access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000346842500001
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/37558

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