Dorsal Vascularized Grafting for Scaphoid Nonunion: A Comparison of Two Surgical Techniques

Dorsal Vascularized Grafting for Scaphoid Nonunion: A Comparison of Two Surgical Techniques

Author Caporrino, Fabio A. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Dos Santos, Joao Baptista G. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Penteado, Fernando T. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Moraes, Vinicius Y. de Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Belloti, Joao Carlos Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Faloppa, Flavio Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Institution Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Abstract Objectives:To compare the radiographic and functional outcomes of 2 surgical techniques for treating scaphoid nonunion.Design:Randomized prospective study.Patients/Participants:Researchers assessed the outcomes every 2 weeks until bone healing and at discharge.Interventions:(1) Vascularized bone grafting (VBG) using the 1, 2 intercompartmental suprareticular artery and (2) a distal radius nonvascularized bone graft.Main Outcomes/Interventions:Time to union (primary), union rate, and functional outcomes.Results:Seventy-five patients were followed for 29 months; 2 were lost to final follow-up. Both groups had similar baseline characteristics. the VBG group reached bone union earlier by 12 days (P = 0.002), but union rates were similar (P = 0.312). There was also less ulnar deviation in the VBG group (P = 0.03). There were no other differences between either intervention groups.Conclusions:Although the VBG group attained earlier union, this may not be clinically meaningful, nor justify the greater technical difficulty and use of resources associated with this intervention.Level of Evidence:Therapeutic Level II. See instructions for authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.
Keywords scaphoid bone
randomized controlled trial
bone transplantation
prospective studies
Language English
Date 2014-03-01
Published in Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, v. 28, n. 3, p. E44-E48, 2014.
ISSN 0890-5339 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Extent E44-E48
Access rights Closed access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000335324900001

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