Threat bias in attention orienting: evidence of specificity in a large community-based study

Threat bias in attention orienting: evidence of specificity in a large community-based study

Autor Salum, G. A. Google Scholar
Mogg, K. Google Scholar
Bradley, B. P. Google Scholar
Gadelha, A. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Pan, P. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Tamanaha, A. C. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Moriyama, T. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Graeff-Martins, A. S. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Jarros, R. B. Google Scholar
Polanczyk, G. Google Scholar
Rosario, M. C. do Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Leibenluft, E. Google Scholar
Rohde, L. A. Google Scholar
Manfro, G. G. Google Scholar
Pine, D. S. Google Scholar
Instituição Univ Fed Rio Grande do Sul
Univ Southampton
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
NIMH
Resumo Background. Preliminary research implicates threat-related attention biases in paediatric anxiety disorders. However, major questions exist concerning diagnostic specificity, effects of symptom-severity levels, and threat-stimulus exposure durations in attention paradigms. This study examines these issues in a large, community school-based sample.Method. A total of 2046 children (ages 6-12 years) were assessed using the Development and Well Being Assessment (DAWBA), Childhood Behavior Checklist (CBCL) and dot-probe tasks. Children were classified based on presence or absence of 'fear-related' disorders, 'distress-related' disorders, and behavioural disorders. Two dot-probe tasks, which differed in stimulus exposure, assessed attention biases for happy-face and threat-face cues. the main analysis included 1774 children.Results. for attention bias scores, a three-way interaction emerged among face-cue emotional valence, diagnostic group, and internalizing symptom severity (F=2.87, p<0.05). This interaction reflected different associations between internalizing symptom severity and threat-related attention bias across diagnostic groups. in children with no diagnosis (n=1411, mean difference=11.03, S.E.=3.47, df=1, p<0.001) and those with distress-related disorders (n=66, mean difference=10.63, S.E.=5.24, df=1, p<0.05), high internalizing symptoms predicted vigilance towards threat. However, in children with fear-related disorders (n=86, mean difference=-11.90, S.E.=5.94, df=1, p<0.05), high internalizing symptoms predicted an opposite tendency, manifesting as greater bias away from threat. These associations did not emerge in the behaviour-disorder group (n=211).Conclusions. the association between internalizing symptoms and biased orienting varies with the nature of developmental psychopathology. Both the form and severity of psychopathology moderates threat-related attention biases in children.
Palavra-chave Anxiety
attention
cognition
emotion
phobias
Idioma Inglês
Financiador Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq)
Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES)
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP)
AstraZeneca
Eli Lilly
Janssen-Cilag
Novartis
Abbott
Shire
FAPERGS
FIPEHCPA
Data de publicação 2013-04-01
Publicado em Psychological Medicine. New York: Cambridge Univ Press, v. 43, n. 4, p. 733-745, 2013.
ISSN 0033-2917 (Sherpa/Romeo, fator de impacto)
Publicador Cambridge Univ Press
Extensão 733-745
Fonte http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0033291712001651
Direito de acesso Acesso restrito
Tipo Artigo
Web of Science WOS:000316073500006
Endereço permanente http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/36171

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