Drinking and driving in southeastern Brazil: Results from a roadside survey study

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dc.contributor.author Campos, Valdir Ribeiro [UNIFESP]
dc.contributor.author Souza e Silva, Rebeca de
dc.contributor.author Duailibi, Sergio [UNIFESP]
dc.contributor.author Laranjeira, Ronaldo [UNIFESP]
dc.contributor.author Palacios, Ester Nakamura
dc.contributor.author Grube, Joel W.
dc.contributor.author Pinsky, Ilana [UNIFESP]
dc.date.accessioned 2016-01-24T14:31:02Z
dc.date.available 2016-01-24T14:31:02Z
dc.date.issued 2013-01-01
dc.identifier http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2012.07.007
dc.identifier.citation Addictive Behaviors. Oxford: Pergamon-Elsevier B.V., v. 38, n. 1, p. 1442-1447, 2013.
dc.identifier.issn 0306-4603
dc.identifier.uri http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/35793
dc.description.abstract Objective: the objective of this study is to present data from a roadside survey study on drinking and driving and alcohol consumption in southeastern Brazil.Methods: A cross-sectional roadside survey study using a questionnaire and breathalyzer data is the method used to determine the prevalence of drinking and driving and to examine whether socio-demographic characteristics and drivers' behavior, attitude and alcohol consumption predicted positive blood alcohol content (MC). the data were gathered from 2005 to 2007 through roadside surveys conducted on high volume public roads in four cities in southeastern Brazil. A total of 4182 randomly selected drivers took part in the research. of these drivers, 3488 (83.4%) completed the questionnaire and agreed to take a breath test.Results: Overall, 24.6% of drivers had a detectable blood alcohol concentration (BAC) and 15.9% had a BAC above the legal limit (0.6 g/l) at the time of the study. Logistic regression controlling for locale (city), sex, age and marital status was used to predict whether each driver would present a positive breath test. Socio-demographic characteristics, driving behaviors and attitudes, and alcohol consumption patterns were included as predictors. These analyses indicated that those who believed drinking and driving was a serious offense were about two-thirds as likely to have a positive breath test, and that drivers reporting a pattern of regular alcohol use were three times as likely to have a positive breath test.Conclusions: These findings indicate that drinking and driving is relatively common in Brazil, and that it occurs considerably more frequently than similar surveys suggest, is the case in other countries. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. en
dc.description.sponsorship Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP)
dc.format.extent 1442-1447
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Elsevier B.V.
dc.relation.ispartof Addictive Behaviors
dc.rights Acesso restrito
dc.subject Drinking and driving en
dc.subject Alcohol consumption en
dc.subject Legislation en
dc.subject Driving while impaired en
dc.subject Breath test en
dc.title Drinking and driving in southeastern Brazil: Results from a roadside survey study en
dc.type Artigo
dc.rights.license http://www.elsevier.com/about/open-access/open-access-policies/article-posting-policy
dc.contributor.institution Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
dc.contributor.institution Univ Fed Espirito Santo
dc.contributor.institution Prevent Res Ctr PIRE
dc.description.affiliation Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Posgrad Dept Psiquiatria, UNIFESP, Dept Psychiat,Postgrad Program, São Paulo, Brazil
dc.description.affiliation Univ Fed Espirito Santo, UFES, Postgrad Program, Posgrad Univ Fed Espirito Santo, Vitoria, ES, Brazil
dc.description.affiliation Prevent Res Ctr PIRE, Berkeley, CA USA
dc.description.affiliationUnifesp Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Posgrad Dept Psiquiatria, UNIFESP, Dept Psychiat,Postgrad Program, São Paulo, Brazil
dc.description.sponsorshipID FAPESP: 01/13136-0
dc.identifier.doi 10.1016/j.addbeh.2012.07.007
dc.description.source Web of Science
dc.identifier.wos WOS:000312358300007


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