Workers' Compensation Status: Does It Affect Orthopaedic Surgery Outcomes? A Meta-Analysis

Workers' Compensation Status: Does It Affect Orthopaedic Surgery Outcomes? A Meta-Analysis

Author Moraes, Vinícius Ynoe de Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Godin, Katelyn Google Scholar
Tamaoki, Marcel Jun Sugawara Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Faloppa, Flávio Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Bhandari, Mohit Google Scholar
Belloti, João Carlos Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Institution Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
McMaster Univ
Abstract Introduction: Previous reviews have demonstrated that patient outcomes following orthopaedic surgery are strongly influenced by the presence of Workers' Compensation. However, the variability in the reviews' methodology may have inflated the estimated strength of this association. the main objective of this meta-analysis is to evaluate the influence of Workers' Compensation on the outcomes of orthopaedic surgical procedures.Methods: We conducted a systematic search of the literature published in this area from 1992-2012, with no language restrictions. the following databases were used MEDLINE (Ovid), Embase (Ovid), CINAHL, Google Scholar, LILACS and Pubmed. We also hand-searched the reference sections of all selected papers. We included all prospective studies evaluating the effect of compensation status on outcomes in adult patients who had undergone surgery due to orthopaedic conditions or diseases. Outcomes of interest included disease specific, region specific and/or overall quality of life scales/questionnaires and surgeons' personal judgment of the results. We used an assessment tool to appraise the quality of all included studies. We used Review Manager to create forest plots to summarize study data and funnel plots for the assessment of publication bias.Results: Twenty studies met our eligibility criteria. the overall risk ratio for experiencing an unsatisfactory result after orthopaedic surgery for patients with compensation compared to non-compensated patients is 2.08 (95% CI 1.54-2.82). A similar association was shown for continuous data extracted from the studies using assessment scales or questionnaires (Standard Mean Difference = -0.70 95% CI -0.97=-0.43).Conclusions: Among patients who undergo orthopaedic surgical procedures, those receiving Workers' Compensation experience a two-fold greater risk of a negative outcome. Our findings show a considerably lower estimate of risk compared to previous reviews that include retrospective data. Further research is warranted to determine the etiological explanation for the influence of compensation status on patient outcomes.
Language English
Sponsor Canada Research Chair
Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES)
Grant number CAPES: 11/21611-2
Date 2012-12-05
Published in Plos One. San Francisco: Public Library Science, v. 7, n. 12, 9 p., 2012.
ISSN 1932-6203 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Public Library Science
Extent 9
Access rights Open access Open Access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000323179700005

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