Health Risks and Economic Costs of Absenteeism Due to Air Pollution in São Paulo, Brazil

Health Risks and Economic Costs of Absenteeism Due to Air Pollution in São Paulo, Brazil

Author Silva, Fernando Rodrigues da Google Scholar
Santos, Ubiratan de Paula Google Scholar
Saldiva, Paulo Hilario Nascimento Google Scholar
Amato-Lourenco, Luis Fernando Google Scholar
Miraglia, Simone Georges El Khouri Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Institution Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
Abstract This study aims to estimate the health risks and economic losses due to the effects of air pollution, with a focus on traffic controllers, and to estimate the associated costs through the use of work loss days (WLD) as an indicator of morbidity in São Paulo from 2000 to 2007. the association between traffic controllers' absenteeism and air pollution was determined by generalized linear models (GLM). the increase in relative risk for WLD was 2.08 (95% CI: 2.04-2.12) per 10 mu g/m(3) PM10, which in monetary terms represented 9,430 USD/year, equivalent to 133 absences per 1,308 traffic controllers annually that are attributable to air pollution (accumulated total cost was USD 75,439, which was 19% of the company's operational expenses during the period). These results were extrapolated for the economically active population, and we found that air pollution resulted in 129,832 absences/year and a cost of USD 6,472,686 (77% related to lost wages) per 3,555,237 workers. the estimated values are relevant for planning environmental policies, and are sufficient to promote corrective and preventive actions to avoid this externality.
Keywords PM10
Valuation
Work loss days
Mobile sources
Health effects/risks
Language English
Sponsor Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq)
Faculty of Medicine of the University of São Paulo (FMUSP)
Federal University of São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Date 2012-10-01
Published in Aerosol and Air Quality Research. Taichung County: Taiwan Assoc Aerosol Res-taar, v. 12, n. 5, p. 826-833, 2012.
ISSN 1680-8584 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Taiwan Assoc Aerosol Res-taar
Extent 826-833
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.4209/aaqr.2011.12.0235
Access rights Open access Open Access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000308976500012
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/35329

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