Effect of 12 weeks of resistance exercise on post-exercise hypotension in stage 1 hypertensive individuals

Effect of 12 weeks of resistance exercise on post-exercise hypotension in stage 1 hypertensive individuals

Author Moraes, M. R. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Bacurau, Reury Frank Pereira Google Scholar
Simoes, H. G. Google Scholar
Campbell, C. S. G. Google Scholar
Pudo, M. A. Google Scholar
Wasinski, F. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Pesquero, J. B. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Wuertele, M. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Araujo, R. C. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Institution Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Univ Mogi das Cruzes
Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
Univ Catolica Brasilia
Abstract Post-exercise hypotension (PEH), the reduction of blood pressure (BP) after a single bout of exercise, is of great clinical relevance. As the magnitude of this phenomenon seems to be dependent on pre-exercise BP values and chronic exercise training in hypertensive individuals leads to BP reduction; PEH could be attenuated in this context. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to investigate whether PEH remains constant after resistance exercise training. Fifteen hypertensive individuals (46 +/- 8 years; 88 +/- 16 kg; 30 +/- 6% body fat; 150 +/- 13/93 +/- 5mm Hg systolic/diastolic BP, SBP/DBP) were withdrawn from medication and performed 12 weeks of moderate-intensity resistance training. Parameters of cardiovascular function were evaluated before and after the training period. Before the training program, hypertensive volunteers showed significant PEH. After an acute moderate-intensity resistance exercise session with three sets of 12 repetitions (60% of one repetition maximum) and a total of seven exercises, BP was reduced post-exercise (45-60 min) by an average of aproximately -22mm Hg for SBP, -8mm Hg for DBP and -13 mm Hg for mean arterial pressure (P<0.05). However, this acute hypotensive effect did not occur after the 12 weeks of training (P>0.05). in conclusion, our data demonstrate that PEH, following an acute exercise session, can indeed be attenuated after 12 weeks of training in hypertensive stage 1 patients not using antihypertensive medication. Journal of Human Hypertension (2012) 26, 533-539; doi:10.1038/jhh.2011.67; published online 7 July 2011
Keywords post-exercise hypotension
strength exercise
blood pressure
Language English
Sponsor Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP)
Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq)
Grant number FAPESP: 06/59081-6
Date 2012-09-01
Published in Journal of Human Hypertension. London: Nature Publishing Group, v. 26, n. 9, p. 533-539, 2012.
ISSN 0950-9240 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Nature Publishing Group
Extent 533-539
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/jhh.2011.67
Access rights Closed access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000307924800004
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/35243

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