Spirituality and health in the curricula of medical schools in Brazil

Spirituality and health in the curricula of medical schools in Brazil

Author Lucchetti, Giancarlo Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Lucchetti, Alessandra Lamas Granero Google Scholar
Espinha, Daniele Corcioli Mendes Google Scholar
Oliveira, Leandro Romani de Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Leite, Jose Roberto Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Koenig, Harold G. Google Scholar
Institution São Paulo Med Spiritist Assoc
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Joao Evangelista Hosp
Duke Univ
King Abdulaziz Univ
Abstract Background: According to recent surveys, 59% of British medical schools and 90% of US medical schools have courses or content on spirituality and health (S/H). There is little research, however, on the teaching of S/H in medical schools in other countries, such as those in Latin America, Asia, Australia and Africa. the present study seeks to investigate the current status of teaching on S/H in Brazilian medical schools.Methods: All medical schools in Brazil (private and public) were selected for evaluation, were contacted by email and phone, and were administered a questionnaire. the questionnaire, sent by e-mail, asked medical school directors/deans about any S/H courses that were taught, details about those courses, S/H lectures or seminars, importance of teaching this subject for medical school directors, and medical schools characteristics.Results: A total of 86 out of 180 (47.7%) medical schools responded. Results indicated that 10.4% of Brazilian Medical Schools have a dedicated S/H courses and 40.5% have courses or content on spirituality and health. Only two medical schools have S/H courses that involve hands-on training and three schools have S/H courses that teach how to conduct a spiritual history. the majority of medical directors (54%) believe that S/H is important to teach in their schools.Conclusion: Few Brazilian medical schools have courses dealing specifically with S/H and less than half provide some form of teaching on the subject. Unfortunately, there is no standard curriculum on S/H. Nevertheless, the majority of medical directors believe this issue is an important subject that should be taught.
Keywords Spirituality
Medical education
Medical schools
Medical students
Language English
Date 2012-08-18
Published in Bmc Medical Education. London: Biomed Central Ltd, v. 12, 8 p., 2012.
ISSN 1472-6920 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Biomed Central Ltd
Extent 8
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1472-6920-12-78
Access rights Open access Open Access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000311609900001
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/35180

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