Evaluation of the air quality benefits of the subway system in São Paulo, Brazil

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dc.contributor.author Pereira da Silva, Cacilda Bastos
dc.contributor.author Nascimento Saldiva, Paulo Hilario
dc.contributor.author Amato-Lourenco, Luis Fernando
dc.contributor.author Rodrigues-Silva, Fernando
dc.contributor.author El Khouri Miraglia, Simone Georges [UNIFESP]
dc.date.accessioned 2016-01-24T14:27:22Z
dc.date.available 2016-01-24T14:27:22Z
dc.date.issued 2012-06-30
dc.identifier http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2012.02.009
dc.identifier.citation Journal of Environmental Management. London: Academic Press Ltd- Elsevier B.V., v. 101, p. 191-196, 2012.
dc.identifier.issn 0301-4797
dc.identifier.uri http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/35006
dc.description.abstract Air pollution is a severe problem in major urban areas due to increasing numbers of vehicles, reduced road capacity and few investments in public transportation, especially in developing countries. Public transportation has a special role in avoiding congestion and consequent environmental and health impacts but is considered expensive.The objective of this paper was to analyze the benefits of the São Paulo subway in terms of the air pollution in the city through strikes events, analyzing both the health outcomes and the related economic burden. for the strike events, increases in air pollutant concentrations during the strike day was observed when compared to a similar day in terms of day of the week and meteorological conditions. Increases in mortality were also observed and the associated economic burden calculated. Despite the elevated construction and operation costs of the subway, when environment and social values are considered, cost-benefit analysis results would indicate a worthwhile investment. the consideration of these aspects is essential to sustainable transportation analyses, and in the case of the São Paulo subway, our analysis clearly demonstrated the important role of this system in the city's environmental, social and economic attributes. (c) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. en
dc.format.extent 191-196
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Elsevier B.V.
dc.relation.ispartof Journal of Environmental Management
dc.rights Acesso restrito
dc.subject Air pollution en
dc.subject Health en
dc.subject Public transportation en
dc.subject Subway en
dc.subject Value of statistical life en
dc.subject Sustainable transportation en
dc.title Evaluation of the air quality benefits of the subway system in São Paulo, Brazil en
dc.type Artigo
dc.rights.license http://www.elsevier.com/about/open-access/open-access-policies/article-posting-policy
dc.contributor.institution Companhia Metropolitano São Paulo Metro
dc.contributor.institution Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
dc.contributor.institution Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
dc.description.affiliation Companhia Metropolitano São Paulo Metro, Dept Sistemas Gestao & Sustentabilidade, BR-01304902 São Paulo, Brazil
dc.description.affiliation Universidade Federal de São Paulo UNIFESP, Inst Ciencias Ambientais Quim & Farmaceut, BR-09972270 Diadema, SP, Brazil
dc.description.affiliation Fac Med USP, Dept Patol, BR-01246903 São Paulo, Brazil
dc.description.affiliationUnifesp Universidade Federal de São Paulo UNIFESP, Inst Ciencias Ambientais Quim & Farmaceut, BR-09972270 Diadema, SP, Brazil
dc.identifier.doi 10.1016/j.jenvman.2012.02.009
dc.description.source Web of Science
dc.identifier.wos WOS:000303306800022



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