(N-3) Fatty Acids: Molecular Role and Clinical Uses in Psychiatric Disorders

(N-3) Fatty Acids: Molecular Role and Clinical Uses in Psychiatric Disorders

Author Prior, Pedro Luis Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Galduróz, José Carlos Fernandes Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Institution Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Abstract New discoveries in the field of neurophysiology and neuropharmacology have revealed the role of (n-3) fatty acids in controlling inflammation and protecting neuron cells from oxidative damage, preserving their function. It has also been thought that their psychoactive properties could be beneficial in certain psychiatric illnesses. This article discusses the newest discoveries of the affected activities by these fats in the cerebral cortex and the efforts that have been made to put them in practice in clinical trials in humans. in general, we were able to detect certain discord in the scientific community when designing placebo-based studies (mainly in establishing the appropriate therapeutic dose of (n-3) fatty acids, varying from the recommended dietary dose to an amount that may be 3 or 4 times higher), and in interpreting results. Although many studies have had the validity of their results questioned because of their small sample size, several studies seem to indicate that the (n-3) fatty acids are useful therapeutic tools in treating psychiatric conditions such as major depression, bipolar disorder, and several other disorders. Larger sample size studies are still required to better analyze the treatment potential of these agents. Adv. Nutr. 3: 257-265, 2012.
Language English
Sponsor Associacao Fundo de Incentivo a Pesquisa
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP)
Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq)
Date 2012-05-01
Published in Advances in Nutrition. Bethesda: Amer Soc Nutrition-asn, v. 3, n. 3, p. 257-265, 2012.
ISSN 2161-8313 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Amer Soc Nutrition-asn
Extent 257-265
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.3945/an.111.001693
Access rights Open access Open Access
Type Review
Web of Science ID WOS:000313220000001
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/34829

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