CHRONIC CONVENTIONAL RESISTANCE EXERCISE REDUCES BLOOD PRESSURE in STAGE 1 HYPERTENSIVE MEN

CHRONIC CONVENTIONAL RESISTANCE EXERCISE REDUCES BLOOD PRESSURE in STAGE 1 HYPERTENSIVE MEN

Author Moraes, Milton R. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Bacurau, Reury Frank Pereira Google Scholar
Casarini, Dulce E. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Jara, Zaira P. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Ronchi, Fernanda A. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Almeida, Sandro S. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Higa, Elisa M. S. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Pudo, Marcos A. Google Scholar
Rosa, Thiago S. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Haro, Anderson S. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Barros, Carlos C. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Pesquero, Joao B. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Wuertele, Martin Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Araujo, Ronaldo C. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Institution Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Univ Mogi das Cruzes
Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
Abstract Moraes, MR, Bacurau, RFP, Casarini, DE, Jara, ZP, Ronchi, FA, Almeida, SS, Higa, EMS, Pudo, MA, Rosa, TS, Haro, AS, Barros, CC, Pesquero, JB, Wurtele, M, and Araujo, RC. Chronic conventional resistance exercise reduces blood pressure in stage 1 hypertensive men. J Strength Cond Res 26(4): 1122-1129, 2012-To investigate the antihypertensive effects of conventional resistance exercise (RE) on the blood pressure (BP) of hypertensive subjects, 15 middle-aged (46 +/- 3 years) hypertensive volunteers, deprived of antihypertensive medication (reaching 153 +/- 6/93 +/- 2 mmHg systolic/diastolic BP after a 6-week medication washout period) were submitted to a 12-week conventional RE training program (3 sets of 12 repetitions at 60% 1 repetition maximum, 3 times a week on nonconsecutive days). Blood pressure was measured in all phases of the study (washout, training, detraining). Additionally, the plasma levels of several vasodilators or vasoconstrictors that potentially could be involved with the effects of RE on BP were evaluated pre- and posttraining. Conventional RE significantly reduced systolic, diastolic, and mean BP, respectively, by an average of 16 (p < 0.001), 12 (p < 0.01), and 13 mm Hg (p < 0.01) to prehypertensive values. There were no significant changes of vasoactive factors from the kallikrein-kinin or renin-angiotensin systems. After the RE training program, the BP values remained stable during a 4-week detraining period. Taken together, this study shows for the first time that conventional moderate-intensity RE alone is able to reduce the BP of stage 1 hypertensive subjects free of antihypertensive medication. Moreover, the benefits of BP reduction achieved with RE training remained unchanged for up to 4 weeks without exercise.
Keywords strength training
hypertension
vasoactive factors
detraining
Language English
Sponsor Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP)
Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq)
Grant number FAPESP: 06/59081-6
Date 2012-04-01
Published in Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, v. 26, n. 4, p. 1122-1129, 2012.
ISSN 1064-8011 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Extent 1122-1129
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e31822dfc5e
Access rights Closed access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000302120700032
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/34786

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