Religiosity and Tobacco and Alcohol Use in a Brazilian Shantytown

Religiosity and Tobacco and Alcohol Use in a Brazilian Shantytown

Author Lucchetti, Giancarlo Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Peres, Mario F. P. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Lucchetti, Alessandra L. G. Google Scholar
Koenig, Harold G. Google Scholar
Institution São Paulo Med Spiritist Assoc
Hosp Joao Evangelista
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Hosp Israelita Albert Einstein
Duke Univ
Abstract This article analyzes the role of religious involvement and religious beliefs in the prevalence and frequency of smoking and alcohol consumption. This was a cross-sectional, population-based study. in 2005, we conducted door-to-door interviews with 383 people, aged 18 years or more, randomly selected from the Paraisopolis shantytown in São Paulo, Brazil. Four regression models were created to explain the relationships among religious involvement, tobacco and alcohol use, controlling for demographic, social, and psychobehavioral factors. High religious attendance was associated with less alcohol use, alcohol abuse, tobacco use, and combined alcohol/tobacco use, as well as less days consuming alcoholic beverages per week, controlling for confounding factors. Additionally, high nonorganizational religious behavior was associated with less tobacco and combined alcohol/tobacco use. Religiosity plays an important role in the control of alcohol and tobacco use in a shantytown setting; further management initiatives in the area should consider this issue. the study's limitations are noted.
Keywords alcohol
behavioral
smoking
faith based
religiosity
religion
shantytown
spirituality
Language English
Date 2012-01-01
Published in Substance Use & Misuse. London: Informa Healthcare, v. 47, n. 7, p. 837-846, 2012.
ISSN 1082-6084 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Informa Healthcare
Extent 837-846
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/10826084.2012.673142
Access rights Closed access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000303332500008
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/34513

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