Effects of moderate aerobic exercise training on chronic primary insomnia

Effects of moderate aerobic exercise training on chronic primary insomnia

Author Passos, Giselle Soares Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Poyares, Dalva Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Santana, Marcos Goncalves Google Scholar
Rodrigues D'Aurea, Carolina Vicaria Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Youngstedt, Shawn D. Google Scholar
Tufik, Sergio Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Mello, Marco Tulio de Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Institution Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Universidade Federal de Goiás (UFG)
Conselho Nacl Desenvolvimento Cient & Tecnol CNPq
Univ S Carolina
Abstract Objective: To evaluate the effect of long-term moderate aerobic exercise on sleep, quality of life, and mood of individuals with chronic primary insomnia, and to examine whether these effects differed between exercise in the morning and exercise in the late afternoon.Methods: Nineteen sedentary individuals with chronic primary insomnia, mean age 45.0 (standard error [SE] 1.9) years, completed a 6-month exercise training protocol, randomized to morning and late-afternoon exercise groups.Results: Combining polysomnographic data across both time points, this study found a significant decrease in sleep onset latency (from 17.1 [SE 2.6] min to 8.7 [SE 1.4] min; P < 0.01) and wake time after sleep onset (from 63.2 [SE 12.8] min to 40.1 [SE 6.0] min), and a significant increase in sleep efficiency (from 79.8 [SE 3.0]% to 87.2 [SE 1.6]%) following exercise. Data from sleep diaries revealed significant improvement in sleep onset latency (from 76.2 [SE 21.5] min to 80.3 [SE 7.4] min) sleep quality (from 41.5 [SE 5.2]% to 59.4 [SE 6.6]%) and feeling rested in the morning (from 50.8 [SE 5.3] to 65.1 [SE 5.0]). There were generally no significant differences in response between morning and late-afternoon exercise. Following exercise, some quality-of-life measures improved significantly, and a significant decrease was seen in the following Profile of Mood State measures: tension-anxiety (from 7.2 [SE 1.0] to 3.5 [SE 1.0]), depression (from 5.9 [SE 1.2] to 3.3 [SE 1.1]) and total mood disturbance (from 9.2 [SE 4.8] to -1.7 [SE 4.8]). These effects did not vary between morning and late-afternoon exercise.Conclusion: Long-term moderate aerobic exercise elicited significant improvements in sleep, quality of life and mood in individuals with chronic primary insomnia. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Keywords Insomnia
Physical activity
Sleep
Mood
Quality of life
Polysomnography
Language English
Sponsor Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP)
Grant number FAPESP: 2008/02862-1
Date 2011-12-01
Published in Sleep Medicine. Amsterdam: Elsevier B.V., v. 12, n. 10, p. 1018-1027, 2011.
ISSN 1389-9457 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Elsevier B.V.
Extent 1018-1027
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sleep.2011.02.007
Access rights Closed access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000299196000013
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/34305

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