Environmental factors associated with adolescent antisocial behavior in a poor urban community in Brazil

Environmental factors associated with adolescent antisocial behavior in a poor urban community in Brazil

Author Curto, Bartira Marques Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Paula, Cristiane Silvestre Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Nascimento, Rosimeire do Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Murray, Joseph Google Scholar
Bordin, Isabel A. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Institution Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Univ Prebiteriana Mackenzie
Univ Cambridge
Abstract Investigating risk factors for anti-social behavior (ASB) is particularly relevant in a poor urban and violent community of a developing country where homicide is the primary cause of death among 15-24-year olds.To identify individual and environmental factors associated with ASB in adolescents from an urban poor community in the outskirts of So Paulo City, Brazil.This cross-sectional study was based on a probabilistic sample of clusters that included all eligible households (women aged 15-49 years with a son or daughter < 18 years of age). One mother-child pair was randomly selected per household (n = 813; response rate: 82.4%). This study is focused on the age group 11-17 years (n = 248). ASB was identified by externalizing scores in the clinical range on the Child Behavior Checklist and/or the Youth Self Report. Potential correlates included individual, maternal, paternal, and familial characteristics. Backward logistic regression analysis identified independent correlates and significant interactions.Youths with high ASB scores were more likely to be victims of severe physical punishment and have an absent father/substitute. Maternal anxiety/depression was a risk factor only among older adolescents (15-17 years), while the presence of internalizing problems was a risk factor only among younger adolescents (11-14 years). Having a non-working mother increased the risk for ASB only among low-income adolescents.The recognition that certain environmental factors may have harmful effects on adolescents' mental health, and the identification of more vulnerable groups can contribute to the development of effective strategies for prevention and treatment of ASB.
Keywords Adolescent
Mental health
Brazil
Cross-sectional studies
Poverty
Language English
Date 2011-12-01
Published in Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology. Heidelberg: Springer Heidelberg, v. 46, n. 12, p. 1221-1231, 2011.
ISSN 0933-7954 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Springer
Extent 1221-1231
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00127-010-0291-2
Access rights Open access Open Access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000297154100003
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/34270

Show full item record




File

File Size Format View

There are no files associated with this item.

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Search


Browse

Statistics

My Account