Health-Related Quality of Life of Patients Recieving Hemodialysis and Peritoneal Dialysis in São Paulo, Brazil: A Longitudinal Study

Health-Related Quality of Life of Patients Recieving Hemodialysis and Peritoneal Dialysis in São Paulo, Brazil: A Longitudinal Study

Author Abreu, Mirhelen Mendes de Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Walker, David R. Google Scholar
Sesso, Ricardo de Castro Cintra Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Ferraz, Marcos Bosi Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Institution Universidade Federal de São Carlos (UFSCar)
Baxter Healthcare Corp
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Abstract Objectives: the aim of this study was to evaluate quality of life in patients undergoing hemodialysis (HD) or peritoneal dialysis (PD) in São Paulo, Brazil. Methods: Inclusion criteria for this is a 1-year prospective study included being 18 years of age or older and clinically stable receiving chronic dialysis. Quality of life was measured using the SF-12 and the Kidney Disease Quality of Life questionnaires at baseline, 6 months, and 12 months. Patients who completed the surveys for all three periods were evaluated. Differences in quality of life scores were measured using univariate and multivariate regression analyses. Results: One hundred eighty-nine of 249 (76%) HD patients and 161 of 228 (71%) PD patients completed all three surveys. the PD group was older and a larger number had diabetes. PD patients consistently had higher scores than HD patients at all three measurement periods for patient satisfaction (P = 0.002, P = 0.005, and P = 0.005, respectively), encouragement/support from staff (P = 0.003, P = 0.017, and P = 0.029, respectively), and burden of kidney disease (P = 0.003, P = 0.017, and P = 0.057, respectively). the HD group had a greater percent of patients who clinically improved from baseline to 12 months compared to PD patients for sleep quality, social support, encouragement/support from staff, and overall health. Scores for other dimensions of the Kidney Disease Quality of Life and SF-12 questionnaires were not significantly different between the PD and HD groups. Conclusions: the results provide evidence that PD and HD patients have equivalent health-related quality of life in several domains, although the former performed better in some quality of life domains despite being older and having more comorbidities.
Keywords chronic disease
hemodialysis
peritoneal dialysis
quality of life
Language English
Sponsor Baxter Healthcare Corporation
Date 2011-07-01
Published in Value in Health. New York: Elsevier B.V., v. 14, n. 5, p. S119-S121, 2011.
ISSN 1098-3015 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Elsevier B.V.
Extent S119-S121
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jval.2011.05.016
Access rights Open access Open Access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000299081000026
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/33818

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