Prevalence of anemia among preschoolers and response to iron supplementation

Prevalence of anemia among preschoolers and response to iron supplementation

Alternative title Prevalência de anemia em pré-escolares e resposta ao tratamento com suplementação de ferro
Author Costa, Juliana T. Google Scholar
Bracco, Mario Maia Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Gomes, Paulo A. P. Google Scholar
Gurgel, Ricardo Q. Google Scholar
Institution Universidade Federal de Sergipe (UFS)
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Ctr Assistencial Cruz Malta
Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP)
IPTI
Abstract Objectives: To assess the prevalence of anemia among children attending public preschools in Ilhabela, state of São Paulo, Brazil, and their response to a treatment regimen.Methods: Between 2007 and 2008, the weight, height, and hemoglobin levels of 667 children were measured in the school setting. Anemic children were prescribed a 12-week course of ferrous sulfate, and follow-up assessment visits were scheduled for halfway through this course and the end of treatment.Results: the prevalence of anemia was 25.6% (N = 170). the lowest hemoglobin level measured was 9.5 g/dL. Anemia was most prevalent (36%) in children between the ages of 60 and 65 months. Median hemoglobin levels rose to 11.8 g/dL from 10.5 g/dL after treatment; 76% of children recovered from anemia.Conclusion: Screening for anemia in the school setting and prompt therapy, including mid-treatment follow-up, proved to be an effective strategy for facing this major public health issue.
Keywords Anemia
schoolchildren
prevalence
hemoglobin meter
Language English
Date 2011-01-01
Published in Jornal de Pediatria. Rio de Janeiro, Rj: Soc Brasil Pediatria, v. 87, n. 1, p. 76-79, 2011.
ISSN 0021-7557 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Soc Brasil Pediatria
Extent 76-79
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.2223/JPED.2049
Access rights Open access Open Access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000288225400013
SciELO ID S0021-75572011000100013 (statistics in SciELO)
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/33244

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