Comparative study of the effects of low-intensity pulsed ultrasound and low-level laser therapy on bone defects in tibias of rats

Comparative study of the effects of low-intensity pulsed ultrasound and low-level laser therapy on bone defects in tibias of rats

Author Favaro-Pipi, Elaine Google Scholar
Feitosa, Suellen Maurin Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Ribeiro, Daniel Araki Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Bossini, Paulo Google Scholar
Oliveira, Poliani Google Scholar
Parizotto, Nivaldo A. Google Scholar
Muniz Renno, Ana Claudia Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Institution Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Universidade Federal de São Carlos (UFSCar)
Abstract The aim of this study was to investigate and to compare the effects of low intensity ultra-sound (LIPUS) and low-level laser therapy (LLLT) during the process of bone healing by means of histopathological and morphometric analysis. the animals were randomly distributed into three groups of 30 animals each: the control group (bone defect without treatment); the laser-treated group: (bone defect treated with laser), and the LIPUS-treated (bone defect treated with ultrasound). Each group was further divided into three different subgroups (n = 10) and on days 7, 13, and 25 post-injury, rats were killed with an intra-peritoneal injection of general anesthetic. the rats were treated with a 30-mW/cm(2) low-intensity pulsed ultrasound and a 830-nm laser at 50 J/cm(2). the results showed intense new bone formation surrounded by highly vascularized connective tissue presenting a slight osteogenic activity, with primary bone deposition being observed in the group exposed to laser in the intermediary (13 days) and late stages of repair (25 days). This was confirmed by morphometric analysis in which significant statistical differences (p < 0.05) were noticed when compared to the control. No remarkable differences were noticed in the specimens treated with ultrasound with regard to the amount of newly formed bone in comparison to the control group. Taken together, our results indicate that laser therapy improves bone repair in rats as depicted by histopathological and morphometric analysis, mainly at the late stages of recovery. Moreover, it seems that this therapy was more effective than US to accelerate bone healing.
Keywords Bone repair
Rats
Low-level laser therapy
Low-intensity pulsed ultrasound
Language English
Date 2010-09-01
Published in Lasers in Medical Science. London: Springer London Ltd, v. 25, n. 5, p. 727-732, 2010.
ISSN 0268-8921 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Springer
Extent 727-732
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10103-010-0772-2
Access rights Closed access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000281319800016
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/32865

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