Professionalization: Brazilian Environmental Activism After Rio-92

Professionalization: Brazilian Environmental Activism After Rio-92

Author Alonso, Angela Google Scholar
Maciel, Debora Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Institution Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Abstract In the past decade, environmental activism in Brazil has experienced a substantial tactical shift. Many activists have gained access to national political offices, the most prominent of whom is Marina Silva at the Ministry of the Environment. This research shows that protest groups of the 1980s paved the way for a professionalized form of environmental activism that relies on a firm-like organizational profile and expert staffing. Today, far away from confrontation, environmental activism in Brazil builds on cooperative relationships between political authorities and scientific elites. in this article, the authors argue that the transmutation of the profile of activism was largely stimulated by the availability of new resources and opportunities and the presence of national and transnational alliances available after Rio-92. the argument presented here draws on an analysis of the two biggest and most important environmental organizations in Brazil, namely, the SOS Atlantic Forest Foundation and the Socio-Environmental Institute (ISA).
Keywords Brazilian Environmental Movement
Professionalization of Environmental Activism
Brazilian Environmental NGOs
Language English
Date 2010-09-01
Published in Journal of Environment & Development. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications Inc, v. 19, n. 3, p. 300-317, 2010.
ISSN 1070-4965 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Sage Publications Inc
Extent 300-317
Access rights Open access Open Access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000208253300004

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