Characteristics and Professional Use of Voice in Street Children in Aracaju, Brazil

Show simple item record Sales, Neuza Josina Gurgel, Ricardo Queiroz Rebelo Goncalves, Maria Ines [UNIFESP] Cunha, Edilson Prado Barreto, Valeria Maria Todt Neto, Joao Carlos D'Avila, Jeferson Sampaio 2016-01-24T14:05:07Z 2016-01-24T14:05:07Z 2010-07-01
dc.identifier.citation Journal of Voice. New York: Mosby-Elsevier, v. 24, n. 4, p. 435-440, 2010.
dc.identifier.issn 0892-1997
dc.description.abstract The objective of the study was to evaluate voice characteristics of children engaged in street selling, which involves an essentially professional use of voice in this population. A controlled cross-sectional study was carried out. A randomly chosen sample of 200 school children with a history of street selling assisted by public social services and 400 school children without this experience was selected. Seven- to 10-year-old children of both sexes were studied. Both groups were interviewed and given vocal assessment (auditory-perceptual assessment and spectrographic acoustic measures) and otorhinolaryngological evaluation (physical and videonasolaryngoscopic examination). Children with abnormal results in both groups were compared using chi(2) (Chi-squared test). the significance level was established at 5% (P < 0.05). Voice problems were detected more frequently in working children (106-53%) than in regular school children (90-22.5%). the control group achieved better school performance as more children in this group attend school regularly than street children, although age-for-grade deficit was similar. the control group had more access to medical visits (80-40%) and treatment with a doctor (34-17%). Language assessment has shown that the control group had more dysphonia (73-37%) and myofunctional orofacial disorders (20-10%). Street children had more normal voice but had more nasal disorders and greater glottal closure than the school control group. Voice disorders were present in both groups, but less frequently in street children. Although subject to inadequate living conditions, street children had better voice quality than the control group. An explanation could be that by adapting their voice professionally for selling goods in the streets, they developed adequate resilience to their difficult living conditions. en
dc.format.extent 435-440
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Elsevier B.V.
dc.relation.ispartof Journal of Voice
dc.rights Acesso restrito
dc.subject School children en
dc.subject Street children en
dc.subject Voice characteristics en
dc.subject Dysphonia en
dc.subject Professional voice en
dc.title Characteristics and Professional Use of Voice in Street Children in Aracaju, Brazil en
dc.type Artigo
dc.contributor.institution Univ Fed Sergipe
dc.contributor.institution Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
dc.contributor.institution Sao Lucas Hosp
dc.description.affiliation Univ Fed Sergipe, Dept Med, Aracaju, Sergipe, Brazil
dc.description.affiliation Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Dept Speech Language Pathol, São Paulo, Brazil
dc.description.affiliation Sao Lucas Hosp, Dept Otorhinolaryngol, Aracaju, Sergipe, Brazil
dc.description.affiliationUnifesp Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Dept Speech Language Pathol, São Paulo, Brazil
dc.identifier.doi 10.1016/j.jvoice.2008.12.007
dc.description.source Web of Science
dc.identifier.wos WOS:000279683500007


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