Prevalence and Correlates of Functional Status in an Older Community-Representative Sample in Brazil

Prevalence and Correlates of Functional Status in an Older Community-Representative Sample in Brazil

Author Fillenbaum, Gerda G. Google Scholar
Blay, Sergio L. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Andreoli, Sergio B. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Gastal, Fabio L. Google Scholar
Institution Duke Univ
Vet Adm Med Ctr
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG)
Abstract Objective: Information on dependency level of elderly in rapidly aging developing countries is limited, but this is needed to ascertain the extent of need for help with activities of daily living (ADLs). Method: In-person information was obtained in 1995 from a statewide survey of representative community residents >= 60 years of age in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil (N = 7,040), on demographic characteristics, health conditions, social ties, health behaviors, and ADL performance. Results: Nearly 40% needed help with one or more ADLs. in controlled analyses, need for help approximately doubled with each succeeding decade. Increased education and income and regular physical activity reduced risk. Selected health conditions (stroke, depression, poor self-rated health) were consistently associated with need for help. Discussion: A large proportion of noninstitutionalized elderly have ADL problems. in addition to health care, interventions promoting equity of access to education and economic opportunity could reduce ADL dependency in coming generations.
Keywords activities of daily living
representative community sample
cross-sectional study
Language English
Date 2010-04-01
Published in Journal of Aging and Health. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications Inc, v. 22, n. 3, p. 362-383, 2010.
ISSN 0898-2643 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Sage Publications Inc
Extent 362-383
Access rights Closed access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000275441800006

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