Progressive load training for the quadriceps muscle associated with proprioception exercises for the prevention of falls in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis: a randomized controlled trial

Progressive load training for the quadriceps muscle associated with proprioception exercises for the prevention of falls in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis: a randomized controlled trial

Autor Teixeira, L. E. P. P. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Silva, K. N. G. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Imoto, A. M. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Teixeira, T. J. P. Google Scholar
Kayo, A. H. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Montenegro-Rodrigues, R. Google Scholar
Peccin, M. S. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Trevisani, V. F. M. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Instituição Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Univ Santo Amaro
Phys Therapy Ctr
Resumo This study aims to evaluate the effect of 18-week progressive muscular strength and proprioception training program on the muscle strength of the quadriceps, in prevention of falls in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis. the incidence of falls in the intervention group was significantly lower than in the control group (incidence rate ratio (IRR) = 0.263, 95% CI 0.10-0.68).This study aims to evaluate the effect of a progressive muscular strength and proprioception training program on the muscle strength of the quadriceps, balance, quality of life, and reduction in the risk of falls in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis.One hundred sedentary postmenopausal women with osteoporosis, ages ranging from 55 to 75, were selected and randomized into two groups: the intervention group comprised of 50 patients who underwent a 18-week of progressive load training for the quadriceps muscle (50% up to 80% of 1-RM-one maximum repetition) and proprioception training associated to a drug treatment of osteoporosis and the control group that included 50 patients who only underwent a drug treatment of osteoporosis. the muscular strength, balance, functional mobility, and quality of life were evaluated in the beginning and end of the research. the number of falls was evaluated 24 weeks post-treatment.Eighty-five patients concluded the research. the program promoted a significant difference among the groups for SF-36 in the eight sub-scales (p a parts per thousand currency signaEuro parts per thousand 0.0018), Timed Up & Go Test (p < 0.0001), 1-RM test (p < 0.0001), Berg Balance Scale (p < 0.0001) and also a decrease in the number of falls in the intervention group compared to control (IRR = 0.263, 95% CI 0.10-0.68, p = 0.0064).The association of progressive strength training for the quadriceps and the proprioceptive training is effective for the prevention of falls, increasing the muscle power, the static and dynamic balance and increasing the speed of the motor responses, therefore improving the performance of daily activities.
Palavra-chave Exercises
Falls
Muscular strength
Osteoporosis
Prevention
Proprioception
Idioma Inglês
Data de publicação 2010-04-01
Publicado em Osteoporosis International. Artington: Springer London Ltd, v. 21, n. 4, p. 589-596, 2010.
ISSN 0937-941X (Sherpa/Romeo, fator de impacto)
Publicador Springer
Extensão 589-596
Fonte http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00198-009-1002-2
Direito de acesso Acesso restrito
Tipo Artigo
Web of Science WOS:000275416400006
Endereço permanente http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/32403

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