Iron deficiency anemia and iron stores in adult and adolescent women in pregnancy

Iron deficiency anemia and iron stores in adult and adolescent women in pregnancy

Autor Soares, Nestor N. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Mattar, Rosiane Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Camano, Luis Google Scholar
Torloni, Maria R. Google Scholar
Instituição Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Resumo Objective. To determine whether primiparous adolescent pregnancy is associated with increased risk of iron deficiency anemia and iron deficiency when compared with older primiparas. Design. Prospective cohort. Setting. Caratinga city, Minas Gerais State, Brazil. Sample. A total of 183 women, being 61 adolescents and 122 adults. Methods. Five peripheral vein blood samples were collected from each participant, at 9-16 and 29-36 weeks, upon admission for delivery, within the first hour after delivery and 30-60 days post-partum. We measured hemoglobin (Hb), transferrin saturation index and ferritin. Main outcome measures. Adolescent and adult women using chi-squared test, Student's t-test and hotelling test. Results. There were significant differences in Hb concentration during the various sampling periods, for the whole cohort. the prevalence of anemia (Hb < 11 g/dl) did not differ significantly between adults and adolescents. the decrease in the mean transferrin levels was more intense in adolescents than in adults, especially during the second half of pregnancy. Low ferritin levels (< 12 mu g/l) were more frequent in adolescents than in adults during pregnancy and throughout the study period. Conclusions. Although there were no significant differences in the prevalence of iron deficiency anemia (Hb < 11 g/dl) in adolescents compared to adult women, low body iron stores and ferritin (< 12 mu g/l) were significantly more frequent in adolescents.
Palavra-chave Iron deficiency
iron deficiency anemia
pregnancy
Idioma Inglês
Data de publicação 2010-03-01
Publicado em Acta Obstetricia Et Gynecologica Scandinavica. Oslo: Taylor & Francis As, v. 89, n. 3, p. 343-349, 2010.
ISSN 0001-6349 (Sherpa/Romeo, fator de impacto)
Publicador Taylor & Francis As
Extensão 343-349
Fonte http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00016340903559992
Direito de acesso Acesso restrito
Tipo Artigo
Web of Science WOS:000275154100009
Endereço permanente http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/32377

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