Long-term nutrition education reduces several risk factors for type 2 diabetes mellitus in Brazilians with impaired glucose tolerance

Long-term nutrition education reduces several risk factors for type 2 diabetes mellitus in Brazilians with impaired glucose tolerance

Autor Pimentel, Gustavo D. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Portero-Mclellan, Katia C. Google Scholar
Oliveira, Erick P. Google Scholar
Spada, Ana P. M. Google Scholar
Oshiiwa, Marie Google Scholar
Zemdegs, Juliane C. S. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Barbalho, Sandra M. Google Scholar
Instituição Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Pontificia Univ Catolica Campinas
Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
Univ Marilia
Resumo The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of a nutrition education program (NEP) on anthropometric, dietetic, and metabolic parameters in high-risk subjects for type 2 diabetes mellitus. Fifty-one participants, both sexes, were randomly assigned to either the control (58.8%) or the intervention (NEP) group. the intervention group received frequent individual and group nutritional counseling from a team of nutritionists. Participants were assessed at baseline (M0) and after 12 months (M1) for anthropometric, dietetic, and metabolic parameters. the hypothesis was that high-risk subjects for type 2 diabetes mellitus participating in NEP would show an improvement in these parameters. At M1, the intervention group showed a significant decline in body weight (-3.4%), body mass index (-5.7%), cholesterol intake (-49.5%), fasting glycemia (-14.0%), fasting insulin (-9.0%), postprandial glycemia (-21.0%), postprandial insulin (-71.0%), total serum cholesterol (-23.0%), and glycated hemoglobin (-24.0%). A decrease in energy intake (5%, P = .06) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (25%, P = .07) was observed in the interventional group, although it did not reach statistical significance. in contrast, the control group presented a significantly higher energy intake (19%, P = .04) and a nonsignificant increase in consumption of all macronutrients. the long-term NEP was found to improve anthropometric, dietary, and metabolic parameters in high-risk subjects for type 2 diabetes mellitus. (C) 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Palavra-chave Nutritional education
Prevention
Type 2 diabetes mellitus
Metabolic syndrome
Human
Idioma Inglês
Financiador Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq)
Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES)
Data de publicação 2010-03-01
Publicado em Nutrition Research. Oxford: Pergamon-Elsevier B.V., v. 30, n. 3, p. 186-190, 2010.
ISSN 0271-5317 (Sherpa/Romeo, fator de impacto)
Publicador Elsevier B.V.
Extensão 186-190
Fonte http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nutres.2010.03.003
Direito de acesso Acesso restrito
Tipo Artigo
Web of Science WOS:000277529000004
Endereço permanente http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/32341

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