Effect of anti-glycosphingolipid monoclonal antibodies in pathogenic fungal growth and differentiation. Characterization of monoclonal antibody MEST-3 directed to Manp alpha 1 -> 3Manp alpha 1 -> 2IPC

Effect of anti-glycosphingolipid monoclonal antibodies in pathogenic fungal growth and differentiation. Characterization of monoclonal antibody MEST-3 directed to Manp alpha 1 -> 3Manp alpha 1 -> 2IPC

Autor Toledo, Marcos Sergio de Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Tagliari, Loriane Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Suzuki, Erika Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Silva, Claudinei M. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Straus, Anita Hilda Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Takahashi, Helio Kiyoshi Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Instituição Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Resumo Background: Studies carried out during the 1990' s demonstrated the presence of fungal glycoinositol phosphorylceramides (GIPCs) with unique structures, some of them showed reactivity with sera of patients with histoplasmosis, paracoccidioidomycosis or aspergillosis. It was also observed that fungal GIPCs were able to inhibit T lymphocyte proliferation in vitro, and studies regarding the importance of these molecules to fungal survival showed that many species of fungi are vulnerable to inhibitors of sphingolipid biosynthesis.Results: in this paper, we describe a detailed characterization of an IgG2a monoclonal antibody (mAb), termed MEST-3, directed to the Paracoccidioides brasiliensis glycolipid antigen Pb-2 (Manp alpha 1 -> 3Manp alpha 1 -> 2IPC). mAb MEST-3 also recognizes GIPCs bearing the same structure in other fungi. Studies performed on fungal cultures clearly showed the strong inhibitory activity of MEST-3 on differentiation and colony formation of Paracoccidioides brasiliensis, Histoplasma capsulatum and Sporothrix schenckii. Similar inhibitory results were observed when these fungi where incubated with a different mAb, which recognizes GIPCs bearing terminal residues of beta-D-galactofuranose linked to mannose (mAb MEST-1). On the other hand, mAb MEST-2 specifically directed to fungal glucosylceramide (GlcCer) was able to promote only a weak inhibition on fungal differentiation and colony formation.Conclusions: These results strongly suggest that mAbs directed to specific glycosphingolipids are able to interfere on fungal growth and differentiation. Thus, studies on surface distribution of GIPCs in yeast and mycelium forms of fungi may yield valuable information regarding the relevance of glycosphingolipids in processes of fungal growth, morphological transition and infectivity.
Idioma Inglês
Financiador Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP)
Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq)
Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES)
Data de publicação 2010-02-15
Publicado em Bmc Microbiology. London: Biomed Central Ltd, v. 10, 12 p., 2010.
ISSN 1471-2180 (Sherpa/Romeo, fator de impacto)
Publicador Biomed Central Ltd
Extensão 12
Fonte http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2180-10-47
Direito de acesso Acesso aberto Open Access
Tipo Artigo
Web of Science WOS:000275360900002
Endereço permanente http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/32271

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