The Clinical Correlates of Reported Childhood Sexual Abuse: An Association Between Age at Trauma Onset and Severity of Depression and PTSD in Adults

The Clinical Correlates of Reported Childhood Sexual Abuse: An Association Between Age at Trauma Onset and Severity of Depression and PTSD in Adults

Author Schoedl, Aline Ferri Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Pupo Costa, Mariana Cadrobbi Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Mari, Jair J. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Mello, Marcelo Feijo Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Tyrka, Audrey R. Google Scholar
Carpenter, Linda L. Google Scholar
Price, Lawrence H. Google Scholar
Institution Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Brown Univ
Abstract This study investigated the relationship between the age of self-reported sexual abuse occurrence and the development of post-traumatic stress disorder and/or depressive symptoms in adulthood. Subjects were evaluated for the presence of post-traumatic stress disorder and/or depressive symptoms as well as for a self-reported history of sexual abuse before the age of 18. Results found that relative risk of having severe post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms was 10 times higher in patients reporting sexual abuse after age 12 than in those reporting sexual abuse before age 12. Relative risk of having severe depressive symptoms was higher for those abused before the age of 12 than for those abused after the age of 12. Findings suggest that the impact of reported sexual abuse at different stages of development may lead to distinct psychiatric symptoms in adulthood.
Keywords early trauma
sexual abuse
risk factors
PTSD
depression
Language English
Date 2010-01-01
Published in Journal of Child Sexual Abuse. Abingdon: Routledge Journals, Taylor & Francis Ltd, v. 19, n. 2, p. 156-170, 2010.
ISSN 1053-8712 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Routledge Journals, Taylor & Francis Ltd
Extent 156-170
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10538711003615038
Access rights Closed access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000207709700004
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/32129

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