Sleep disorders, sleepiness and traffic safety: a public health menace

Sleep disorders, sleepiness and traffic safety: a public health menace

Autor Pandi-Perumal, Seithikurippu Ratnas Google Scholar
Verster, Joris C. Google Scholar
Kayumov, Leonid Google Scholar
Lowe, Alan D. Google Scholar
Santana, Marcos Gonçalves de Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Pires, Maria Laura Nogueira Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Tufik, Sergio Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Mello, Marco Tulio de Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Instituição Mount Sinai School of Medicine Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care, and Sleep Medicine
University of Utrecht Utrecht Institute for Pharmaceutical Sciences Department of Psychopharmacology
University of Toronto, and Sleep and Neuropsychiatry Institute Department of Psychiatry
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Resumo Sleep disorders are not uncommon and have been widely reported throughout the world. They have a profound impact on industrialized 24-h societies. Consequences of these problems include impaired social and recreational activities, increased human errors, loss of productivity, and elevated risk of accidents. Conditions such as acute and chronic insomnia, sleep loss, excessive sleepiness, shift-work, jet lag, narcolepsy, and sleep apnea warrant public health attention, since residual sleepiness during the day may affect performance of daily activities such as driving a car. Benzodiazepine hypnotics and zopiclone promote sleep, both having residual effects the following day including sleepiness and reduced alertness. In contrast, the non-benzodiazepine hypnotics zolpidem and zaleplon have no significant next-day residual effects when taken as recommended. Research on the effects of wakefulness-promoting drugs on driving ability is limited. Countermeasures for excessive daytime sleepiness have a limited effect. There is a need for a social awareness program to educate the public about the potential consequences of various sleep disorders such as narcolepsy, sleep apnea, shift-work-related sleep loss, and excessive daytime sleepiness in order to reduce the number of sleep-related traffic accidents.
Assunto Sleep disorders
Automobile and truck drivers
Automobile traffic
Public health
Idioma Inglês
Data 2006-07-01
Publicado em Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research. Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica, v. 39, n. 7, p. 863-871, 2006.
ISSN 0100-879X (Sherpa/Romeo, fator de impacto)
Editor Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica
Extensão 863-871
Direito de acesso Acesso aberto Open Access
Tipo Artigo
Web of Science WOS:000239624200003
SciELO S0100-879X2006000700003 (estatísticas na SciELO)

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