Factors associated with quality of life of Brazilian older adults

Factors associated with quality of life of Brazilian older adults

Author Paskulin, L. Google Scholar
Vianna, L. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Molzahn, A. E. Google Scholar
Institution Univ Victoria
Univ Fed Rio Grande do Sul
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Abstract The objective of the study was to explore factors associated with quality of life (QoL) of Brazilian community-dwelling older adults.This was a descriptive exploratory cross-sectional study. Data were collected through a household survey. A random sample of 288 older adults from Porto Alegre, Brazil participated in the study. A demographic and health data sheet, the OARS activities of daily living (ADL) scale and the WHOQOL-BREF were administered.The mean age of participants was 71.2 years (SD = 7.5) and 67.4% were female. Using multiple linear regression analysis, with overall QoL as the dependent variable, perceived health status, education level, engagement in physical activity, medical conditions, age group and use of primary health care were significant associated factors. With physical QoL as the dependent variable, significant factors included: perceived health status, medical conditions, education, physical activities and dependence in ADL; with social QoL as the dependent variable, only age group and paid work were significant. in relation to environmental QoL, education and perceived health were significant factors.The results illustrate the complexity of factors influencing QoL. With a better understanding of these factors, it is possible to plan appropriate health interventions.
Keywords Aging
Brazil
Elderly
Quality of life
WHOQOL-BREF
Language English
Date 2009-03-01
Published in International Nursing Review. Malden: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc, v. 56, n. 1, p. 109-115, 2009.
ISSN 0020-8132 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell
Extent 109-115
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1466-7657.2008.00671.x
Access rights Closed access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000263343800025
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/31374

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