Trafficking among youth in conflict with the law in São Paulo, Brazil

Trafficking among youth in conflict with the law in São Paulo, Brazil

Autor McLennan, John D. Google Scholar
Bordin, Isabel Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Bennett, Kathryn Google Scholar
Rigato, Fatima Google Scholar
Brinkerhoff, Merlin Google Scholar
Instituição Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
McMaster Univ
Projeto Quixote
Univ Calgary
Resumo Background Engagement in drug trafficking may place a child or youth at risk for exposure to severe violence, drug abuse, and death. However, little is know about the nature of youth involvement in drug trafficking. the purpose of this study is to describe drug trafficking behaviour of delinquent youth and identify adverse experiences as potential predictors of trafficking. Methods Cross-sectional sample of youth (12-17 years of age) incarcerated in detention facilities for delinquent or criminal acts in São Paulo City, Brazil. Structured face-to-face interviews completed with 325 youth (289 boys, 36 girls). Results Approximately half of the boys and girls in this sample have had at least some role in drug trafficking prior to incarceration. Though youth who had engaged in drug trafficking activities did not differ on basic socio-demographic variables, they were more likely to have been exposed to a number of adverse experiences. Beyond heavy substance use, no longer attending school, gang involvement, witnessing violence, and easier access to guns, drugs and alcohol remained significantly related to trafficking involvement in the final regression model. Girls experienced a very similar pattern of adverse exposures as boys. Conclusion Special efforts may be required for rehabilitation of youth who engage in drug trafficking. Potential targets may include keeping or re-engaging delinquent youth in school for longer periods of time and reducing youth exposure to violence in poor urban communities.
Assunto Brazil
street drugs
drug trafficking
juvenile delinquency
Idioma Inglês
Data 2008-10-01
Publicado em Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology. Heidelberg: Dr Dietrich Steinkopff Verlag, v. 43, n. 10, p. 816-823, 2008.
ISSN 0933-7954 (Sherpa/Romeo, fator de impacto)
Editor Dr Dietrich Steinkopff Verlag
Extensão 816-823
Direito de acesso Acesso restrito
Tipo Artigo
Web of Science WOS:000260523700007

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